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In this paper we describe the search strategies developed for docking flexible molecules to macomolecular sites that are incorporated into the widely distributed DOCK software, version 4.0. The search strategies include incremental construction and random conformation search and utilize the existing Coulombic and Lennard-Jones grid-based scoring function.(More)
Here, we present the algorithm and validation for OMEGA, a systematic, knowledge-based conformer generator. The algorithm consists of three phases: assembly of an initial 3D structure from a library of fragments; exhaustive enumeration of all rotatable torsions using values drawn from a knowledge-based list of angles, thereby generating a large set of(More)
Ligand docking is a widely used approach in virtual screening. In recent years a large number of publications have appeared in which docking tools are compared and evaluated for their effectiveness in virtual screening against a wide variety of protein targets. These studies have shown that the effectiveness of docking in virtual screening is highly(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of potent small molecule ligands to receptors and enzymes is one of the major goals of chemical and biological research. Two powerful new tools that can be used in these efforts are combinatorial chemistry and structure-based design. Here we address how to join these methods in a design protocol that produces libraries of(More)
Lysosomal disturbances may be a contributing factor to Alzheimer's disease. We used novel compounds to test if suppression of the lysosomal protease cathepsin D blocks production of known precursors to neurofibrillary tangles. Partial lysosomal dysfunction was induced in cultured hippocampal slices with a selective inhibitor of cathepsins B and L. This led(More)
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT signaling pathway plays a critical role in activating survival and antiapoptotic pathways within cancer cells. Several studies have shown that this pathway is constitutively activated in many different cancer types. The goal of this study was to discover novel compounds that bind to the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain(More)
The recent literature is replete with papers evaluating computational tools (often those operating on 3D structures) for their performance in a certain set of tasks. Most commonly these papers compare a number of docking tools for their performance in cognate re-docking (pose prediction) and/or virtual screening. Related papers have been published on(More)
We present a general approach to the design, docking, and virtual screening of multiple combinatorial libraries against a family of proteins. The method consists of three main stages: docking the scaffold, selecting the best substituents at each site of diversity, and comparing the resultant molecules within and between the libraries. The core(More)
The interactions between a molecule and the aqueous environment underpin any process that occurs in solution, from simple chemical reactions to protein-ligand binding to protein aggregation. Fundamental measures of the interaction between molecule and aqueous phase, such as the transfer energy between gas phase and water or the energetic difference between(More)
A number of single-digit nanomolar, low-molecular-weight plasmepsin II aspartyl protease inhibitors have been identified using combinatorial chemistry and structure-based design. By identifying multiple, small-molecule inhibitors using the parallel synthesis of several focused libraries, it was possible to select for compounds with desirable characteristics(More)