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We present the high-energy neutrino Monte Carlo event generator ANIS (All Neu-trino Interaction Simulation). The program provides a detailed and flexible neutrino event simulation for high-energy neutrino detectors, such as AMANDA, ANTARES or ICECUBE. It generates neutrinos of any flavor according to a specified flux and propagates them through the Earth.(More)
We consider the astrophysical implications of the diffusion equation solution for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) in the expanding universe, obtained in paper I (Berezinsky & Gazizov 2006). The UHECR spectra are calculated in a model with sources located in vertices of the cubic grid with a linear constant (source separation) d. The calculations are(More)
Breakthrough pain (BKP) is a transitory flare of pain that occurs on a background of relatively well controlled baseline pain. Previous surveys have found that BKP is highly prevalent among patients with cancer pain and predicts more severe pain, pain-related distress and functional impairment, and relatively poor quality of life. An international group of(More)
Ultrahigh energy (UHE) extragalactic protons propagating through cosmic microwave radiation (CMB) acquire the spectrum features in the form of the dip, bump (pileup protons) and the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) cutoff. We have performed the analysis of these features in terms of the modification factor. This analysis is weakly model-dependent, especially(More)
We study the extragalactic protons with universal spectrum, which is independent of mode of propagation, when distance between sources is less than the propagation lengths, such as energy attenuation length or diffusion length (for propagation in magnetic fields). The propagation features in this spectrum, the GZK cutoff, dip and bump, are studied with help(More)
Rapid growth of neutrino-nucleon cross-sections at high energies due to hypothetical hard pomeron enhancement of νN-structure functions is discussed. Differential and integral hadron moments, which, together with cross-sections, define rates of hadron-electromagnetic cascades in a neutrino detector are calculated for different power-law decreasing neutrino(More)
We discuss the superluminal problem in the diffusion of ultra-high energy protons with energy losses taken into account. The phenomenological solution of this problem is found with help of generalized Jüttner propagator, originally proposed for the relativization of Maxwellian gas distribution. It is demonstrated that the generalized Jüttner propagator(More)
The energy losses and spectra of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) are calculated for protons as primary particles. The attention is given to the energy losses due to electron-positron production in collisions with the microwave 2.73 K photons. The energy spectra are calculated for several models, which differ by production spectra and by source(More)
We discuss the problem of superluminal propagation in diffusion of ultra-high energy protons with energy losses taken into account. The phenomenological solution of this problem is found with help of generalized Jüttner propagator, originally proposed for the relativization of Maxwellian gas distribution. It is demonstrated that the generalized Jüttner(More)