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We present the high-energy neutrino Monte Carlo event generator ANIS (All Neu-trino Interaction Simulation). The program provides a detailed and flexible neutrino event simulation for high-energy neutrino detectors, such as AMANDA, ANTARES or ICECUBE. It generates neutrinos of any flavor according to a specified flux and propagates them through the Earth.(More)
We consider the astrophysical implications of the diffusion equation solution for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) in the expanding universe, obtained in paper I (Berezinsky & Gazizov 2006). The UHECR spectra are calculated in a model with sources located in vertices of the cubic grid with a linear constant (source separation) d. The calculations are(More)
Breakthrough pain (BKP) is a transitory flare of pain that occurs on a background of relatively well controlled baseline pain. Previous surveys have found that BKP is highly prevalent among patients with cancer pain and predicts more severe pain, pain-related distress and functional impairment, and relatively poor quality of life. An international group of(More)
Ultrahigh energy (UHE) extragalactic protons propagating through cosmic microwave radiation (CMB) acquire the spectrum features in the form of the dip, bump (pileup protons) and the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) cutoff. We have performed the analysis of these features in terms of the modification factor. This analysis is weakly model-dependent, especially(More)
We study the extragalactic protons with universal spectrum, which is independent of mode of propagation, when distance between sources is less than the propagation lengths, such as energy attenuation length or diffusion length (for propagation in magnetic fields). The propagation features in this spectrum, the GZK cutoff, dip and bump, are studied with help(More)
Rapid growth of neutrino-nucleon cross-sections at high energies due to hypothetical hard pomeron enhancement of νN-structure functions is discussed. Differential and integral hadron moments, which, together with cross-sections, define rates of hadron-electromagnetic cascades in a neutrino detector are calculated for different power-law decreasing neutrino(More)
We discuss as a new signature for the interaction of extragalactic ultrahigh energy protons with cosmic microwave background radiation a spectral feature located at E= 6.3 x 10(19) eV in the form of a narrow and shallow dip. It is produced by the interference of e+e(-)-pair and pion production. We show that this dip and, in particular, its position are(More)
We study the solution of the diffusion equation for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays in the general case of an expanding universe, comparing it with the well known Syrovatsky solution obtained in the more restrictive case of a static universe. The formal comparison of the two solutions with all parameters being fixed identically reveals an appreciable(More)
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