Learn More
The objective was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of osteopenia in patients with uncomplicated insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and to obtain more information on the pathophysiology of diabetic osteopenia. In 35 patients with uncomplicated IDDM (21 men and 14 women; age 37.6+/-9.9 yr; duration of disease 8.5+/-3.5 years) bone mineral(More)
Survival from the detection of first metastasis (SAM) was analyzed in a single center series of 258 patients with advanced breast cancer. During the 15 year period covered by this study 230 patients died, 215 of their disease. The overall median SAM was 28 months. Univariate analysis of SAM stratified by first dominant site of metastasis, estrogen receptor(More)
Premenopausal women develop occlusive artery disease less frequently than postmenopausal women. In coronary heart disease, higher blood levels of homocysteine-cysteine mixed disulphide have been reported. Therefore, in healthy subjects, we studied the role of menopausal status in the transsulphuration of methionine in 10 premenopausal and 10 postmenopausal(More)
It has been shown that acute administration of interleukin-1 (IL-1) to rats elicits a transitory increase in plasma ACTH and corticosterone (B) levels. To investigate the effects of chronic administration of IL-1 on plasma ACTH and B levels, in the present study rats were equipped with Alzet osmotic minipumps loaded with either IL-1 (delivery rate 0.5, 2.0,(More)
Premature arteriosclerosis and thromboembolic events are well-known complications of homozygous homocystinuria due to cystathionine synthase deficiency. It is unknown whether heterozygosity for homocystinuria predisposes to premature vascular disease. We explored the frequency of excessive homocysteine accumulation after standardized methionine loading in(More)
The diagnostic accuracy of the corticotropin-releasing-hormone (CRH) test was compared with that of the oral high-dose dexamethasone suppression test in the differential diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome. A false-negative response to CRH was present in 9% (2 of 22) of patients with pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease and to high-dose dexamethasone in 11% (2(More)
The type II 5alpha-reductase inhibitor finasteride is used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), reducing local production of the growth promoting androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT). The effect of prolonged treatment with this time-dependent irreversible inhibitor on the recently described prostatic type I 5alpha-reductase, however, is not(More)
Plasma cortisol levels and modified Apache II (Apache IIm-stay) severity of disease scores were determined at weekly intervals in 159 patients who were treated for at least 7 days at the Critical Care Unit of our hospital. The mean (+/- SD) plasma cortisol level (0.60 +/- 0.28 mumol/l) was clearly elevated in these patients. The highest plasma cortisol(More)
We measured bone mineral density (BMD) using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 20 patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS) (14 pre- and 2 postmenopausal women, 4 men) before and in 18 of them also at regular intervals after surgical cure (median duration of follow-up, 36 months). In addition, in the premenopausal women with CS, fasting blood samples and 2-h(More)
Intramuscular administration of 1500 IU hCG daily for 3 days induced a transient accumulation of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17 OHP) relative to testosterone (T) in normal men, reaching its maximum 24 h after the first injection (17 OHP to T ratio, 1.7 +/- 0.3 times baseline; P < 0.01). Simultaneous administration of hCG and the estrogen antagonist(More)