A. G. Oliveira

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Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is a pathogenic fungus that undergoes a temperature-dependent cell morphology change from mycelium (22 degrees C) to yeast (36 degrees C). It is assumed that this morphological transition correlates with the infection of the human host. Our goal was to identify genes expressed in the mycelium (M) and yeast (Y) forms by EST(More)
1. The accuracy of an indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) test for the serodiagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection was evaluated in adult patients and compared with culture, preformed urease test and smears stained with carbolfuchsin. 2. We studied 80 consecutive patients submitted to gastroduodenoscopy (17 of whom were found to have duodenal ulcer) plus(More)
Improving vector control remains a key goal in reducing the world's burden of infectious diseases. More cost-effective approaches to vector control are urgently needed, particularly because vaccines are unavailable and treatment is prohibitively expensive. The causative agent of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL), Leishmania chagasi, Cunha and Chagas(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is not a sensitive and specific method to diagnose Helicobacter pylori infection in children, especially in the younger ones. Since serum immune response can also be determined by immunoblotting and it permits the detection of antibodies to virulence factors such as CagA and VacA, we(More)
The steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) gene encodes a transcription factor playing a pivotal role in the regulation of adrenogenital development. We have recently shown that SF-1 is amplified in childhood adrenocortical tumours (ACT). This study was aimed to assess if an increase in SF-1 gene copy number was associated with increased protein levels and to study(More)
To evaluate a possible association between infection with cag A-positive strains and gastric carcinoma increased risk we studied 119 Helicobacter pylori-positive patients with gastric carcinoma and 119 matched controls. The presence of cag A gene was investigated by PCR in H. pylori isolates and in gastric biopsy specimens. A significant association was(More)
Although infection with a cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori strain is considered a risk factor for the development of duodenal peptic ulcer in adults, this association has not been demonstrated in children. The presence of cagA was investigated by polymerase chain reaction in H. pylori strains isolated from 27 children with duodenal ulcer and 53 without(More)
Different diets have distinct impacts on glucose homoeostasis, for which insulin sensitivity (IS) after a meal (postprandial IS) is highly relevant. Postprandial IS depends upon hepatic parasympathetic activation and glutathione content elevation. We tested the hypothesis that postprandial IS is compromised in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity.(More)
The study of some of the behavioral aspects of the main vector of Leishmania infantum chagasi Cunha & Chagas in the Americas, Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva), such as dispersion, population size, and vector survival rates, is important for the elucidation of the mechanisms of visceral leishmaniasis transmission. These parameters were studied by means(More)
An increase in cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis cases has been reported in recent years in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and little is known to date about their etiological agents. An investigation into natural Leishmania infection of sand flies captured in this state between December 2003 and August 2004 was carried out. Mini-exon sequences(More)