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Plants respond to different stresses by inducing or repressing transcription of partially overlapping sets of genes. In Arabidopsis, the PHR1 transcription factor (TF) has an important role in the control of phosphate (Pi) starvation stress responses. Using transcriptomic analysis of Pi starvation in phr1, and phr1 phr1-like (phl1) mutants and in wild type(More)
Microarray transcript profiling and RNA interference are two new technologies crucial for large-scale gene function studies in multicellular eukaryotes. Both rely on sequence-specific hybridization between complementary nucleic acid strands, inciting us to create a collection of gene-specific sequence tags (GSTs) representing at least 21,500 Arabidopsis(More)
Plants have evolved an array of responses that adapt their growth to conditions of limited phosphate (Pi) supply. These involve biochemical and developmental changes that improve Pi acquisition and recycling, and protect against the stress of Pi starvation. The induction of these responses requires a sophisticated regulatory system that integrates(More)
The exceptional toxicity of arsenate [As(V)] is derived from its close chemical similarity to phosphate (Pi), which allows the metalloid to be easily incorporated into plant cells through the high-affinity Pi transport system. In this study, we identified an As(V)-tolerant mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana named pht1;1-3, which harbors a semidominant allele(More)
Six cell lines differing in histological origin were studied regarding the growth inhibitory effect of fluoropyrimidines in relation to their metabolism. The human colon carcinoma cell line WiDr was most sensitive to 5-fluorouracil (FUra) (50% growth inhibitory concentration, 0.7 microM) and to its analogue 5'deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'dFUR) (50% growth(More)
The effect of delayed uridine administration on the in vitro growth inhibitory effects of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and on the in vivo antitumour activity and toxicity was studied. In vitro growth inhibition of the human intestinal cell lines WiDr and Intestine 407 by 3 microM 5FU could be reversed by 1.0 mM uridine; the effect was more pronounced with WiDr(More)
Many different assays have been developed to assess chemo-sensitivity of malignant cells. The use of the clonogenic assay has a number of theoretical (Weisenthal & Lippman, 1985) but especially practical difficulties, such as a long incubation time and low plating efficiencies resulting in adequate colony forming in only 40% of all specimens (Carney &(More)
L1210 mouse leukemia cells were grown in a methylcellulose-based medium, and the inhibitory effect of methotrexate (MTX) on colony formation and its reversal were examined. The effect on colony formation was studied in order to compare the results with those obtained with normal mouse bone marrow cells grown in a similar manner in previous studies and in(More)
In this work, nanostructured LnxCe(1-x)O2-δ (Ln: Gd and Pr; x = 0.1 and 0.2) spheres were synthesized by microwave assisted hydrothermal homogeneous co-precipitation and their properties were characterized by synchrotron radiation XRD, X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) and scanning and high-resolution electron microscopy (SEM and HRTEM). In(More)