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High dose therapy (HDT) and stem cell transplantation (SCT) results in alterations in the immunologic network, thymic re-education and the induction of peripheral tolerance. The changes to the immunoregulatory cascade and tolerance induction associated with autotransplants have been investigated in a series of studies focused on leukocyte reconstitution and(More)
The expansion of T and natural killer (NK) cells in growth factor-mobilized peripheral blood stem cell (PSC) products with interleukin-2 (IL-2) requires a reduction in monocyte frequency. Monocytes are enriched with stem cells during apheresis and, in this series of growth factor-mobilized PSC products from breast cancer patients, represented 36 +/- 6% of(More)
We report the preferential expression of Fas on CD4+ T cells and Fas ligand (FasL) on monocytes and their potential role in the selective loss of CD4+ T cells in breast cancer patients undergoing high-dose chemotherapy and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PSCT). A high frequency of apoptotic CD4+ T cells (28-51%) is observed during the first 100(More)
Previous reports showed the abnormal activation of immune cells in growth factor-mobilized peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) products, which might be responsible for depressed T cell responsiveness to mitogens compared with normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). In the present study, the mRNA expression levels of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-10,(More)
This study compares the immune properties of peripheral blood stem cell (PSC) products mobilized with different hematopoietic growth factors (HGFs) as well as apheresis products and peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) from normal individuals. We found that monocytes in mobilized PSC products appear to inhibit T cell function independent of whether granulocyte(More)
Rapid immune reconstitution is observed following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PSCT) as compared to autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT), although it is depressed compared to that observed in normal individuals. The immune dysfunction occurs despite the restoration of normal lymphoid cell numbers and may be associated with(More)
We recently found that mobilized peripheral blood stem cell (PSC) products (from both cancer patients and normal donors) contain high levels of CD14+ monocytes, which can inhibit the proliferation of allogeneic and autologous T cells. We found in our studies that using CD14+ monocytes from mobilized PSC products (from normal and cancer patient donors),(More)
The eradication of autoreactive T cells by high dose therapy and stem cell transplantation and the resultant alterations in the immunologic network, thymic reeducation, and peripheral tolerance provide treatment mechanisms for autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. One outcome of autologous stem cell transplantation is a significant decrease in the CD4:CD8(More)
Adenovirus infection of CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells is dependent on the multiplicity of infection (MOI), time of incubation, the volume in which the co-incubation occurs and the presence or absence of growth factors. Studies revealed that a brief co-incubation (1-8 hours), resulted in low levels of transgene expression, suggesting that(More)
Cellular interactions between hematopoietic progenitor cells and bone marrow (BM) stromal cells are mediated by cell adhesion molecules (CAM). In agreement with previous studies, our flow cytometric analysis of isolated CD34+ cells showed that VLA-4 expression was significantly (p < 0.001) higher on steady-state BM than on CD34+ cells from growth(More)