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An elevation of the cardiopulmonary baroreflex control of the forearm vascular resistances due to an impairment of the arterial baroreflex has been postulated in borderline hypertension. The purpose of the study is to verify this hypothesis. The arterial baroreflex sensitivity, measured by the phenylephrine method is similar in borderline hypertensive and(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare effects of single bolus endotoxin injection with sustained low-dose endotoxin infusion on systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics in anesthetized dogs. When administered as a bolus (.01 mg/kg), endotoxin induced systemic vascular changes whose evolution could be divided into two consecutive phases. In the early phase,(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine possible effects of Escherichia coli endotoxin on peripheral vascular compliance and relate them to concomitant central hemodynamic disturbances. Endotoxin was infused at 0.25 micrograms/kg.min during 2 h in six anesthetized dogs, while six additional animals served as controls. Vascular compliance of the(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine effects of positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) application on peripheral venous capacitance and relate them to concomitant central hemodynamic disturbances. The venous volume-pressure (V/P) relationships were studied in 6 intact anesthetized pigs to describe the effects of PEEP on systemic venous compliance(More)
We tested the early effects of endotoxin on both the permeability of capillary membranes and microvascular pressure. One group of dogs (n = 8) were fluid loaded (30 ml/kg dextran-40) after having been subjected to a 2-h Escherichia coli endotoxin infusion (0.25 micrograms/kg X min). A second control group of animals (n = 6) was submitted to a similar (25(More)
The mechanical behaviour of the arterial wall was determined theoretically utilizing some parameters of blood flow measured in vivo. Continuous experimental measurements of pressure and diameter were recorded in anesthetized dogs on the thoracic ascending and midabdominal aorta. The pressure was measured by using a catheter, and the diameter firstly, at the(More)
The purpose of the present work was to explore the hypothesis that pulmonary vasoconstriction secondary to endotoxin insult results mainly from an increase in the critical closing pressure of the pulmonary vessels. Specifically, we reasoned that in the face of a Starling resistor located between pulmonary arteries and left atrium, upstream transmission of(More)
The problem of the parameter identification of the three-element windkessel model is studied. Minimization by least-square technique--LSQ--in time domain and frequential techniques--FFT--are compared. Continuous pressure and flow curves were recorded in the proximal aorta of an open chest dog. Comparison shows very high correlations between the parameter(More)
Changes in plasma fluid volume and hyperlactacidemia were measured in nine healthy young men who had been running 10 min on a motor-driven treadmill (work rate from 40 to 90% V0, max). Our results show that there is a linear relationship between reduction of plasma fluid volume and intensity from 50% of max. For a given intensity the reduction of plasma(More)
The relationship between speed and the maximal length of time supramaximal runs can be sustained (temps-limite, tlim) has been studied in seven male subjects (physical education students). Within the range of intensity studied, tlim strictly depends on maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). The relationship between tlim and the relative energy cost of the(More)