A Fossion

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The purpose of this study was to compare effects of single bolus endotoxin injection with sustained low-dose endotoxin infusion on systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics in anesthetized dogs. When administered as a bolus (.01 mg/kg), endotoxin induced systemic vascular changes whose evolution could be divided into two consecutive phases. In the early phase,(More)
An elevation of the cardiopulmonary baroreflex control of the forearm vascular resistances due to an impairment of the arterial baroreflex has been postulated in borderline hypertension. The purpose of the study is to verify this hypothesis. The arterial baroreflex sensitivity, measured by the phenylephrine method is similar in borderline hypertensive and(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine possible effects of Escherichia coli endotoxin on peripheral vascular compliance and relate them to concomitant central hemodynamic disturbances. Endotoxin was infused at 0.25 micrograms/kg.min during 2 h in six anesthetized dogs, while six additional animals served as controls. Vascular compliance of the(More)
The purpose of the present work was to explore the hypothesis that pulmonary vasoconstriction secondary to endotoxin insult results mainly from an increase in the critical closing pressure of the pulmonary vessels. Specifically, we reasoned that in the face of a Starling resistor located between pulmonary arteries and left atrium, upstream transmission of(More)
The mechanical behaviour of the arterial wall was determined theoretically utilizing some parameters of blood flow measured in vivo. Continuous experimental measurements of pressure and diameter were recorded in anesthetized dogs on the thoracic ascending and midabdominal aorta. The pressure was measured by using a catheter, and the diameter firstly, at the(More)
The energy equivalent of plasma lactate production (ELAp) represents the amount of energy that can be derived from the anaerobic glycolysis per kg body weight when the peak plasma lactate concentration (LAp) after exercise increases by 1 mM. ELAp has been calculated from the relationship between the oxygen deficit (Do2) and LAp in 32 subjects. LAp and(More)
We tested the early effects of endotoxin on both the permeability of capillary membranes and microvascular pressure. One group of dogs (n = 8) were fluid loaded (30 ml/kg dextran-40) after having been subjected to a 2-h Escherichia coli endotoxin infusion (0.25 micrograms/kg X min). A second control group of animals (n = 6) was submitted to a similar (25(More)
Changes in plasma fluid volume and hyperlactacidemia were measured in nine healthy young men who had been running 10 min on a motor-driven treadmill (work rate from 40 to 90% V0, max). Our results show that there is a linear relationship between reduction of plasma fluid volume and intensity from 50% of max. For a given intensity the reduction of plasma(More)
The effects of beta-adrenergic blockade on the exercise-induced hyperlactatemia (Lap) have been studied in 31 adult male subjects [age: 25 +/- 1 years; body weight: 69 +/- 1 kg; VO2max: 54 +/- 1 ml O2.kg-1.min-1 (mean values +/- SEM)] randomly divided in 3 groups. All exercises were performed on a 10% inclined treadmill. In group 1 (n = 11), the subjects(More)