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PURPOSE The R.E.N.A.L. (radius, exophytic/endophytic properties, nearness of tumor to collecting system or sinus, anterior/posterior) and centrality index nephrometry scores enable systematic, objective assessment of anatomical tumor features. We systematically compared these systems using item analysis test theory to optimize scoring methodology. (More)
BACKGROUND Radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer is frequently associated with delayed gastrointestinal (GI) recovery that prolongs hospital length of stay (LOS). OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of alvimopan to accelerate GI recovery after RC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS We conducted a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial in(More)
PURPOSE We studied the impact of tumor size on patient survival and tumor recurrence following nephron sparing surgery for localized sporadic renal cell carcinoma. In addition, we evaluated the usefulness of the new TNM staging system in which T1 versus T2 tumor status is delineated by tumor size 7 or less versus more than 7 cm., respectively. MATERIALS(More)
PURPOSE Partial nephrectomy is effective for renal cell carcinoma when preservation of renal function is a concern. We present the 10-year followup of patients treated with nephron sparing surgery at our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS Partial nephrectomy was performed in 107 patients with localized sporadic renal cell carcinoma before December 1988.(More)
BACKGROUND The safe duration of warm ischemia during partial nephrectomy remains controversial. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to evaluate the short- and long-term renal effects of warm ischemia in patients with a solitary kidney. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Using the Cleveland Clinic and Mayo Clinic databases, we identified 362 patients with a solitary(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of warm ischemia time (WIT) and quantity and quality of kidney preserved on renal functional recovery after partial nephrectomy (PN). The effect of WIT relative to these other parameters has recently been challenged. METHODS We identified 362 consecutive patients with a solitary kidney who had undergone PN using warm(More)
PURPOSE Radical nephrectomy has traditionally been preferred to partial nephrectomy in patients with localized renal cell cancer because of its simplicity and established cancer control. Recent data suggest that these patients have significant competing risks of death, some of which may be increased by chronic renal insufficiency. Therefore, we compared(More)
BACKGROUND Partial nephrectomy (PN) has been associated with improved overall survival (OS) in select cohorts with localised renal masses when compared to radical nephrectomy (RN). The driving forces behind these differences have been difficult to elucidate given the heterogeneity of previously compared cohorts. OBJECTIVE Compare OS in a subset of(More)
OBJECTIVES To perform a Phase II trial of docetaxel administered on a weekly schedule for 6 weeks before radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer. METHODS Treatment consisted of six doses of docetaxel 40 mg/m(2) intravenously administered weekly for 6 weeks followed by RP. Eligibility criteria included clinical Stage(More)
OBJECTIVES Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery comprises intraabdominal surgery performed by way of natural orifices (ie, vagina, mouth). In a similar manner, the umbilicus provides an embryonic natural orifice that permits intraabdominal access. We report on the feasibility of performing single-port advanced laparoscopic reconstructive surgery(More)