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Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an established neurophysiological tool to examine the integrity of the fast-conducting corticomotor pathways in a wide range of diseases associated with motor dysfunction. This includes but is not limited to patients with multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, stroke, movement disorders, disorders(More)
OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a common, fatal motor neuron disorder with no effective treatment. Approximately 10% of cases are familial ALS (FALS), and the most common genetic abnormality is superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) mutations. Most ALS research in the past decade has focused on the neurotoxicity of mutant SOD1, and this knowledge(More)
We elicited motor evoked potentials (MEPs) using transcortical magnetic stimulation in 150 control subjects aged 14 to 85 years and 275 patients with a variety of diseases. There were no significant side effects. Cortex-to-target muscle latencies measured 20.2 +/- 1.6 ms (thenar), 14.2 +/- 1.7 ms (extensor digitorum communis), 9.4 +/- 1.7 ms (biceps), and(More)
Peak-to-peak measurement of the maximum amplitude motor evoked potential (MAXMEP) elicited by 20 consecutive transcranial magnetic stimuli recorded from the contracting thenar and hypothenar muscles measured 9.8 +/- 2.0 mV and 7.25 +/- 2.9 mV respectively (P less than 0.01). The ratio of MAXMEP/CMAP measured 92.6 +/- 25.8% and 54.8 +/- 12.3% respectively (P(More)
Complex fasciculations are common in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Combined fasciculations, defined as a complex fasciculation consisting of two or more components that occur independently but also in combination with another component, also occur in ALS. To test the hypothesis that combined fasciculations originate at the supraspinal(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex excites limb muscles of the contralateral side of the body. Reports of poorly defined, or a complete lack of systematic excitatory responses of soleus motoneurons compared with those of tibialis anterior (TA) motoneurons has led to the proposal that while all ankle flexor motoneurons receive strong(More)
The neurophysiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is important not only in relation to diagnosis, but also in the development of methods to follow progress, and the effects of putative therapies, in the disease. Quantitative techniques can be applied to the measurement of reinnervation using needle electromyogram. The methodology of motor unit number(More)