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OBJECTIVES The present study aimed at the analysis of release patterns of neurobiochemical markers of brain damage (neuron specific enolase (NSE) and protein S-100B) in patients with traumatic brain injury and their predictive value with respect to the short and long term neuropsychological outcome. METHODS Serial NSE and S-100B concentrations were(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES Description and analysis of neuropsychological deficits following brain trauma with diffuse lesion probably corresponding to diffuse axonal injury (DAI). RESEARCH DESIGN A series of 111 patients suffering from traumatic brain injury could be investigated neuropsychologically within the first 4 weeks after injury and re-assessed after(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The goal of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of neurobiochemical markers of brain damage (protein S-100B and neuron-specific enolase [NSE]) with respect to the short- and long-term neuropsychological outcomes after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS We investigated 74 patients who(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The study aimed to investigate the predictive value of neurobiochemical markers of brain damage (protein S-100B and neuron-specific enolase [NSE]) with respect to early neurobehavioral outcome after stroke. METHODS We investigated 58 patients with completed stroke who were admitted to the stroke unit of the Department of Neurology(More)
This study aimed at the investigation of release patterns of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and protein S-100B after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their association with intracranial pathologic changes as demonstrated in computerized tomography (CT). We analyzed NSE and S-100B concentrations in serial venous blood samples taken one to three days after TBI(More)
Prefrontal activation is a consistent finding in functional neuroimaging studies of episodic memory retrieval. In the present study we aimed at a further analysis of prefrontal neural systems involved in the executive control of context-specific properties in episodic memory retrieval using an event-related fMRI design. Nine subjects were asked to learn two(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The diagnostic accuracy of the German version of the revised Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE-R) in identifying mild cognitive impairment (MCI), mild dementia in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild dementia in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) in comparison with the conventional Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) was assessed.(More)
Short-term post-acute neuropsychological, neurological, and neuroradiological test results and a 16-month follow-up of a 65-year-old patient with a right hemisphere ischemic lesion in the tuberothalamic area of vascular supply are reported. During a 6-week period of examinations the originally left- but trained right-handed patient exhibited fluctuating(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The importance of cancer-associated hypercoagulability as a possible stroke etiology in patients with cancer has received relatively little attention to date. A recent study has suggested that cancer-associated hypercoagulation may be of special importance in the absence of conventional stroke mechanisms. METHODS We identified(More)
Chorea-acanthocytosis (ChAc) is an uncommon basal ganglia disorder, in which the movement disorder element may be obscured by the predominance of seizures. We report a pertinent case of a patient who had undergone extensive evaluation for epilepsy, including intracranial EEG before finally the diagnosis of ChAc was made and confirmed by Western blot. We(More)