A E Otto-Bruc

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Two guanylate-cyclase-activating proteins (GCAP) encoded by a tail-to-tail gene array have been characterized in the mammalian retina. Using frog retina as a model, we obtained evidence for the presence of a photoreceptor Ca2+-binding protein closely related to GCAP. This protein (206 amino acids) does not stimulate guanylate cyclase (GC) in low [Ca2+], but(More)
Guanylate cyclase-activating proteins (GCAP1 and GCAP2) are thought to mediate the intracellular stimulation of guanylate cyclase (GC) by Ca2+, a key event in recovery of the dark state of rod photoreceptors after exposure to light. GCAP1 has been localized to rod and cone outer segments, the sites of phototransduction, and to photoreceptor synaptic(More)
We seek to define the influence of retinal cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) on the GTPase activity of transducin (T). A novel stopped-flow/fast filtration apparatus [Antonny, B., et al. (1993) Biochemistry 32, 8646-8653] is used to deliver T alpha GTP free of rod outer segment (ROS) membranes to a suspension of phospholipid vesicles bearing holoPDE. As measured(More)
Light triggers the phototransduction cascade by activating the visual pigment rhodopsin (Rho --> Rho*). Phosphorylation of Rho* by rhodopsin kinase (RK) is necessary for the fast recovery of sensitivity after intense illumination. Ca2+ ions, acting through Ca2+-binding proteins, have been implicated in the desensitization of phototransduction. One such(More)
The second messengers cAMP and inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate have been implicated in olfaction in various species. The odorant-induced cGMP response was investigated using cilia preparations and olfactory primary cultures. Odorants cause a delayed and sustained elevation of cGMP. A component of this cGMP response is attributable to the activation of one of(More)
The gamma-subunit of the cGMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE gamma) of retinal rods forms a tight complex with the activated alpha-subunit of transducin (Gt alpha GTP gamma S). We observe that while PDE gamma is not the physiological effector of other G alpha subtypes, it can still detectably interact with them. This interaction is strong with Gi1 alpha and Gi3(More)
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