A. Di Loreto

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NAD metabolism regulates diverse biological processes, including ageing, circadian rhythm and axon survival. Axons depend on the activity of the central enzyme in NAD biosynthesis, nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase 2 (NMNAT2), for their maintenance and degenerate rapidly when this activity is lost. However, whether axon survival is regulated(More)
We report our experience with 85 prostatic cancer patients aged 51-79 years, who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy from 1989 to December 1994 (mean follow-up 35 months). In order to get a more relevant analysis we chose to describe in detail only pathological C-D1 cases and to subdivide the patients, according to the Gleason sum, into G2-G5 and(More)
BACKGROUND In order to enhance prostate-specific antigen (PSA) as a predictor of prostate cancer, it is necessary to understand the characteristics of this tumor marker in a population of men without evidence of prostate cancer but who are at risk for developing the condition. METHODS In an age-stratified population of 328 men with lower urinary tract(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify significant prognostic indicators of upper urinary tract (UUT) urothelial carcinoma (UC) and to assess a risk stratification of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively analysed data from 162 patients with non-metastatic UC primarily occurring in UUT treated with open nephroureterectomy. Variables assessed included age,(More)
A review has been made on the role of nitric oxide in the physiology and pathophysiology of penis, bladder, prostate and the nervous structures involved in the urinary control. NO is an essential mediator in penile erection and his action can be modulated by sildenafil. Nitric oxide could be involved in bladder detrusor relaxation and in the development of(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on the relationship among symptom score, urinary flow rate, and prostate volume in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) continue to be of great interest. METHODS A total of 2,418 men, aged 30-86 years, agreed to participate in an interview and to complete a questionnaire regarding voiding patterns. All subjects answering(More)
Axon injury leads to rapid depletion of NAD-biosynthetic enzyme NMNAT2 and high levels of its substrate, NMN. We proposed a key role for NMN in Wallerian degeneration but downstream events and their relationship to other mediators remain unclear. Here, we show, in vitro and in vivo, that axotomy leads to a late increase in intra-axonal Ca(2+), abolished by(More)
Axons require the axonal NAD-synthesizing enzyme NMNAT2 to survive. Injury or genetically induced depletion of NMNAT2 triggers axonal degeneration or defective axon growth. We have previously proposed that axonal NMNAT2 primarily promotes axon survival by maintaining low levels of its substrate NMN rather than generating NAD; however, this is still debated.(More)
Prostatic carcinoma metastasizing to the penis is rare. Prognosis is poor with survival ranging from 1 to 24 months. A patient with prostate cancer and a serum Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) level over 200 ng/ml, submitted to radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) and after 2 months presenting with two painful nodules in the penis, is described.
BACKGROUND To analyze the modifications in serum PSA levels during IAD in patients with an initial PSA progression after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS Between February 1994 and May 1996, 34 consecutive patients with an initial PSA progression (> 0.4 ng/ml) after RRP were selected. All men had localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate,(More)