A. David Edwards

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The functions of the resting state networks (RSNs) revealed by functional MRI remain unclear, but it has seemed possible that networks emerge in parallel with the development of related cognitive functions. We tested the alternative hypothesis: that the full repertoire of resting state dynamics emerges during the period of rapid neural growth before the(More)
Segmentation and reconstruction of cortical surfaces from magnetic resonance (MR) images are more challenging for developing neonates than adults. This is mainly due to the dynamic changes in the contrast between gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) in both T1- and T2-weighted images (T1w and T2w) during brain maturation. In particular in neonatal T2w(More)
The Differential Pathlength Factor (DPF) has been measured for several different tissues. The results showed that the DPF varied with the type of tissue studied, and in the case of the adult calf with sex. However, the DPF for all tissues studied was constant once the inter optode spacing exceeded 2.5 cm. Thus, measurements can be made by NIR spectroscopy(More)
BACKGROUND Whether hypothermic therapy improves neurodevelopmental outcomes in newborn infants with asphyxial encephalopathy is uncertain. METHODS We performed a randomized trial of infants who were less than 6 hours of age and had a gestational age of at least 36 weeks and perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy. We compared intensive care plus cooling of the(More)
Infants born preterm have a high incidence of neurodevelopmental impairment in later childhood, often associated with poorly defined cerebral white matter abnormalities. Diffusion tensor imaging quantifies the diffusion of water within tissues and can assess microstructural abnormalities in the developing preterm brain. Tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS)(More)
This paper describes a groupwise, non-rigid registration algorithm to simultaneously register all subjects in a population to a common reference (or natural) coordinate system, which is defined to be the average of the population. This natural coordinate system is calculated implicitly by constraining the sum of all deformations from itself to each subject(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim was to survey the range of cerebral injury and abnormalities of cerebral development in infants born between 23 and 30 weeks' gestation using serial MRI scans of the brain from birth, and to correlate those findings with neurodevelopmental outcome after 18 months corrected age. METHODS Between January 1997 and November 2000, consecutive(More)
Cortical maturation was studied in 65 infants between 27 and 46 wk postconception using structural and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging. Alterations in neural structure and complexity were inferred from changes in mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy, analyzed by sampling regions of interest and also by a unique whole-cortex mapping approach. Mean(More)
Three-dimensional atlases and databases of the brain at different ages facilitate the description of neuroanatomy and the monitoring of cerebral growth and development. Brain segmentation is challenging in young children due to structural differences compared to adults. We have developed a method, based on established algorithms, for automatic segmentation(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether moderate hypothermia after hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy in neonates improves survival and neurological outcome at 18 months of age. DESIGN A meta-analysis was performed using a fixed effect model. Risk ratios, risk difference, and number needed to treat, plus 95% confidence intervals, were measured. DATA SOURCES(More)