A Daniel Jones

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Jasmonate (JA) and its amino acid conjugate, jasmonoyl-isoleucine (JA-Ile), play important roles in regulating plant defense responses to insect herbivores. Recent studies indicate that JA-Ile promotes the degradation of JASMONATE ZIM-domain (JAZ) transcriptional repressors through the activity of the E(3) ubiquitin-ligase SCF(COI1). Here, we investigated(More)
Jasmonic acid (JA) and its biologically active derivatives (bioactive JAs) perform a critical role in regulating plant responses to wound stress. The perception of bioactive JAs by the F-box protein COI1 triggers the SCF(COI1)/ubiquitin-dependent degradation of JASMONATE ZIM-DOMAIN (JAZ) proteins that repress the expression of JA-response genes. JA is(More)
Nitric oxide (.NO) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of diverse inflammatory and infectious disorders. The toxicity of .NO is thought to be engendered, in part, by its reaction with superoxide (O2.-), yielding the potent oxidant peroxynitrite (ONOO-). However, evidence for a role of ONOO- in vivo is based largely upon detection of 3-nitrotyrosine in(More)
Four proteins with wall extension activity on grass cell walls were purified from maize (Zea mays) pollen by conventional column chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography. Each is a basic glycoprotein (isoelectric point = 9.1-9.5) of approximately 28 kD and was identified by immunoblot analysis as an isoform of Zea m 1, the major group 1(More)
By a combination of organic precipitation and high pressure liquid chromatography, human sperm acrosome reaction inducing activity has been purified from the fluid aspirated from preovulatory human ovarian follicles and identified as 4-pregnen-3,20-dione (progesterone) and 4-pregnen-17 alpha-ol-3,20-dione (17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone). It is argued that(More)
Biological nitrogen fixation in aerobic organisms requires a mechanism for excluding oxygen from the site of nitrogenase activity. Oxygen exclusion in Frankia spp., members of an actinomycetal genus that forms nitrogen-fixing root-nodule symbioses in a wide range of woody Angiosperms, is accomplished within specialized structures termed vesicles, where(More)
The human constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, CAR1) regulates the expression of genes involved in xenobiotic metabolism in the liver. The CAR gene uses multiple alternative splicing events during pre-mRNA processing, thereby enhancing the CAR transcriptome. Previous reports have identified two prominent human CAR variants, CAR2 and CAR3, that possess(More)
Naphthalene-induced Clara cell toxicity in the mouse is associated with the covalent binding of electrophilic metabolites to cellular proteins. Epoxide and quinone metabolites of naphthalene are proposed to be the reactive metabolites responsible for covalent binding to proteins. To identify the nature of reactive metabolites bound to proteins (cysteine(More)
A modified LC-MS/MS method for large-scale screening of metabolic phenotypes was developed and validated. Twenty amino acids and 5 metabolically related compounds are measured within 4 min using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) transitions selective for each compound. Separation with a short C18 column and rapid gradient using the ion-pairing reagent(More)
Bacterial infection of plants often begins with colonization of the plant surface, followed by entry into the plant through wounds and natural openings (such as stomata), multiplication in the intercellular space (apoplast) of the infected tissues, and dissemination of bacteria to other plants. Historically, most studies assess bacterial infection based on(More)