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Profile analysis is a method for detecting distantly related proteins by sequence comparison. The basis for comparison is not only the customary Dayhoff mutational-distance matrix but also the results of structural studies and information implicit in the alignments of the sequences of families of similar proteins. This information is expressed in a… (More)
We have developed a method for calculating the stability in water of protein structures, starting from their atomic coordinates. The contribution of each protein atom to the solvation free energy is estimated as the product of the accessibility of the atom to solvent and its atomic solvation parameter. Applications of the method include estimates of the… (More)
The amino acid sequence of the rod portion of nematode myosin, deduced for the sequence of the unc-54 heavy chain gene of Caenorhabditis elegans, is highly repetitive and has the characteristics of an alpha-helical coiled coil. The molecular surface contains alternate clusters of positive and negative charge. Interactions between charge clusters on adjacent… (More)
The 7S particle of Xenopus laevis oocytes contains 5S RNA and a 40-K protein which is required for 5S RNA transcription in vitro. Proteolytic digestion of the protein in the particle yields periodic intermediates spaced at 3-K intervals and a limit digest containing 3-K fragments. The native particle is shown to contain 7-11 zinc atoms. These data suggest… (More)
This paper describes a computer method that uses codon preference to help find protein coding regions in long DNA sequences. The method can distinguish between introns and exons and can help to detect sequencing errors.
Paramyosin is a major structural component of thick filaments isolated from many invertebrate muscles. The Caenorhabditis elegans paramyosin gene (unc-15) was identified by screening with specific antibodies an "exon-expression" library containing lacZ/nematode gene fusions. Short probes recovered from the library were used to identify bacteriophage lambda… (More)
The profile method, for detecting distantly related proteins by sequence comparison, has been extended to incorporate secondary structure information from known X-ray structures. The sequence of a known structure is aligned to sequences of other members of a given folding class. From the known structure, the secondary structure (alpha-helix, beta-strand or… (More)