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A rehabilitative coping skills module employing problem solving and cognitive behavioral therapy and an experimental repeated-measure design was tested on 55 randomly selected persons severely handicapped by schizophrenia, most of whom had lived almost half of their lives in psychiatric wards. Unlike the control group of 44 comparable schizophrenics, the(More)
OBJECTIVE Major depression is a major risk factor for suicide. However, not all individuals with major depression commit suicide. Impulsive and aggressive behaviors have been proposed as risk factors for suicide, but it remains unclear whether their effect on the risk of suicide is at least partly explained by axis I disorders commonly associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE Postmortem studies have indicated that suicide victims have greater serotonin receptor 2A (5-HTR2A) binding in prefrontal brain regions. However, there remains some controversy regarding the biological specificity of these findings. The authors hypothesized that the variance observed in brain 5-HTR2A binding is genetically mediated, at least in(More)
The Needs for Care Assessment Schedule (NFCAS; Brewin et al. 1987) is an itemized and systematic procedure that aims to evaluate the needs for care of long-term mentally ill patients. The present study pursues reliability and validity related issues with the NFCAS in a different cultural context applying the procedure to 98 severely mentally ill patients(More)
Recently, evaluative research has yielded a procedure, the Needs for Care Assessment Schedule (NFCAS), which articulates the problems and the corresponding interventions required by psychiatric patients in a systematic and reproducible manner that is of interest to both administrators and clinicians. Although the NFCAS decisions are ultimately subjective(More)
OBJECTIVE Numerous studies have linked childhood trauma with depressive symptoms over the life span. However, it is not known whether particular neurovegetative symptom clusters or affective disorders are more closely linked with early abuse than are others. In a large community sample from Ontario, the authors examined whether a history of physical or(More)
Four psychiatric nurses were trained with the French version of the Present State Examination, 9th edition (PSE-9). Reliability was tested on 18 cases of psychotic and nonpsychotic patients. The reliability indexes were comparable to those reported for the English version of PSE-9. These preliminary results indicate that further training may improve(More)
OBJECTIVE By means of the psychological autopsy method and a case-control design, the authors examined the association of specific mental disorders and comorbidity with suicide among young men. METHOD Seventy-five men aged 18-35 years whose deaths were adjudicated as completed suicides by coroners of greater Montreal and Quebec City were matched to 75(More)
Homicide followed by suicide is a rare but tragic event. Psychiatrists and mental health professionals are often called upon to comment publicly on the event or to help the "hidden victims," the survivors of the tragedy. There were 39 such cases in Quebec between 1988 and 1990, and they have been reviewed through the examination of the coroner's files. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Epidemiologic research has demonstrated that the majority of mental illness in the community is not treated. Primary care physicians and the specialty mental health sector each have an important role in the provision of mental health services. Our goal is to clarify the extent of undertreatment of selected mental illnesses in Ontario and to(More)