A. D. Fitt

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We consider and compare the various different kinds of flow that may take place in the anterior chamber of a human eye. The physical mechanisms responsible for causing such flows may be classified as follows: (i) buoyancy-driven flow arising from the temperature difference between the anterior surface of the cornea and the iris, (ii) flow generated by the(More)
In the petroleum industry, measurements of the density and viscosity of petroleum reservoir fluids are required to determine the value of the produced fluid and the production strategy. Measurements of the density and viscosity of petroleum fluids require a transducer that can operate at reservoir conditions, and results with an uncertainty of about ±1% in(More)
A simple model is presented to analyse fluid flow in the anterior chamber of a human eye. It is shown that under normal conditions such flow inevitably occurs. The flow, whose reduced Reynolds number is small, is viscosity dominated and is driven by buoyancy effects which are present because of the temperature difference between the front and back of the(More)
A mathematical model is developed for a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) instrument that has been designed primarily to measure the viscosity of fluids that are encountered during oil well exploration. It is shown that, in one mode of operation, the displacement of the device satisfies a fractional differential equation (FDE). The theory of FDEs is(More)
Until the 1960s much of the experimental work on the thermophysical properties of fluids was devoted to the development of methods for the measurement of the properties of simple fluids under moderate temperatures and pressures. By the end of the 1960s a few methods had emerged that had both a rigorous mathematical description of the experimental method and(More)
The analysis of a new viscometer that takes the form of an oscillating plate, fabricated from silicon using the methods of micro-electro-mechanical-systems (MEMS) is considered. The instrument is designed principally for experimental use in the oil industry. The plate is 1.6 mm wide, 2.4 mm long, and 20µm thick. It is suspended from a 0.4 mm thick support(More)
Planar cells provide an attractive alternative to traditional cylindrical cells for polymer electrolyte conductivity measurement as they not only allow sample quantity minimisation but also equilibration with vapour. They are also a key component in the parallel screening of combinatorially synthesised arrays of samples. A finite element simulation(More)