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Topographic maps with a defined spatial ordering of neuronal connections are a key feature of brain organization. Such maps are believed to develop in response to complementary position-specific labels in presynaptic and postsynaptic fields. However, the complementary labeling molecules are not known. In the well-studied visual map of retinal axons(More)
Ephrin-A2 and -A5 are thought to be anteroposterior mapping labels for the retinotectal/retinocollicular projection. Here, gene disruptions of both these ephrins are characterized. Focal retinal labeling reveals moderate map abnormalities when either gene is disrupted. Double heterozygotes also have a phenotype, showing an influence of absolute levels. In(More)
The Eph receptors are the largest known family of receptor tyrosine kinases and are notable for distinctive expression patterns in the nervous system and in early vertebrate development. However, all were identified as orphan receptors, and only recently have there been descriptions of a corresponding family of ligands. We describe here a new member of the(More)
A major site of DNA bending is located 1.6 kb upstream of the P1 transcription start site of the human c-myc gene, near the center of a reported zone of initiation of DNA replication. A repeated, purine-rich element, termed PUR, at the bend site is specifically bound by a protein in HeLa cell nuclear extracts. This protein has specific affinity for the(More)
We have performed a screen to identify genes expressed in a functionally significant anatomic region of the vertebrate dorsal neural tube, the dorsomedial roof of the third ventricle (DMRTV). The DMRTV includes the primordia of a series of circumventricular organs. The screen searched for genes preferentially expressed in the DMRTV of stage 18-25 chicken(More)
Subtelomeric deletion syndromes represent a significant cause of mental retardation and craniofacial disease. However, for most of these syndromes the pathogenic genes have yet to be identified. Currently there is every indication that identification of these genes will be a slow process if we continue to rely strictly upon clinical data. An alternative(More)
Alternative processing of pre-mRNA transcripts is a major source of protein diversity in eukaryotes and has been implicated in several disease processes including cancer. In this study we have performed a genome wide analysis of alternative splicing events in lung adenocarcinoma. We found that 2369 of the 17 800 core Refseq genes appear to have alternative(More)
The Eph-related family of receptor tyrosine kinases consists of at least 13 members, several of which display distinctive expression patterns in the developing and adult nervous system. Recently, a small family of ligands, structurally related to the B61 protein, was identified. Binding of these ligands to Eph-related receptors did not, however, elicit(More)
The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases and their cell-presented ligands, the ephrins, are frequently overexpressed in a wide variety of cancers, including breast, small-cell lung and gastrointestinal cancers, melanomas, and neuroblastomas. In particular, one Eph family member, EphA2, is overexpressed in many cancers, including 40% of breast cancers.(More)
The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases and their cell surface bound ligands have been implicated in a number of developmental processes, including axon pathfinding and fasciculation, as well as patterning in the central nervous system. To better understand the complex signaling events taking place, we have undertaken a comparative analysis of(More)