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We examined whether excitation and inhibition are balanced in hippocampal cortical networks. Extracellular field and single-unit activity were recorded by multiple tetrodes and multisite silicon probes to reveal the timing of the activity of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells and classes of interneurons during theta waves and sharp wave burst (SPW)-associated(More)
This study examined intermittent, high-frequency (100-200 Hz) oscillatory patterns in the CA1 region of the hippocampus in the absence of theta activity, i.e., during and in between sharp wave (SPW) bursts. Pyramidal and interneuronal activity was phase-locked not only to large amplitude (>7 SD from baseline) oscillatory events, which are present mainly(More)
Information in neuronal networks may be represented by the spatiotemporal patterns of spikes. Here we examined the temporal coordination of pyramidal cell spikes in the rat hippocampus during slow-wave sleep. In addition, rats were trained to run in a defined position in space (running wheel) to activate a selected group of pyramidal cells. A(More)
In contrast to sensory cortical areas of the brain, the relevant physiological inputs to the hippocampus, leading to selective activation of pyramidal cells, are largely unknown. Pyramidal cells are thought to be phasically activated by spatial cues and a variety of sensory and motor stimuli. Here, we used a behavioural 'space clamp' method, which involved(More)
What determines the firing rate of cortical neurons in the absence of external sensory input or motor behavior, such as during sleep? Here we report that, in a familiar environment, the discharge frequency of simultaneously recorded individual CA1 pyramidal neurons and the coactivation of cell pairs remain highly correlated across sleep-wake-sleep(More)
In the hippocampus, spatial representation of the environment has been suggested to be coded by either the firing rate of pyramidal cell assemblies or the relative timing of the action potentials during the theta EEG cycle. Here, we used a behavioural 'space clamp' method, which involved the confinement of the actively running animal in a defined position(More)
Local versus distant coherence of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells was investigated in the behaving rat. Temporal cross-correlation of pyramidal cells revealed a significantly stronger relationship among local (<140 microm) pyramidal neurons compared with distant (>300 microm) neurons during non-theta-associated immobility and sleep but not during(More)
A modular multichannel microdrive ('hyperdrive') is described. The microdrive uses printed circuit board technology and flexible fused silica capillaries. The modular design allows for the fabrication of 4-32 independently movable electrodes or 'tetrodes'. The drives are re-usable and re-loading the drive with electrodes is simple.
Integrated circuits (ICs) containing cross-point switch arrays were applied to create analog input selector switch devices for multi-channel electrophysiological experiments. The described analog input selector switch devices make it possible to connect to the main amplifier's inputs those microelectrode and preamplifier output wires that yield unit(More)
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