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Thymus caespititius Brot. is an important aromatic species, due to synthesis and production of essential oils for the pharmaceutical and food industries. In the present study, levels of essential oils from two chemotypes, including carvacrol/thymol (CT) and sabinene/carvacrol (SC), were evaluated in proliferating shoot cultures (6–12 subcultures following(More)
Meloidogyne spp., commonly known as root-knot nematodes (RKNs), are economically important plant sedentary endoparasites that cause galls on susceptible hosts. The Columbia root-knot nematode (CRKN), M. chitwoodi, is a quarantine A2 type pest by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization since 1998. This nematode has been found associated(More)
Co-cultures of Pinus pinaster with Bursaphelenchus xylophilus were established as a biotechnological tool to evaluate the effect of nematotoxics addition in a host/parasite culture system. The pinewood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, the causal agent of pine wilt disease (PWD), was detected for the first time in Europe in 1999 spreading(More)
The identification, isolation and functional characterization of two genes encoding two monoterpene synthases—γ-terpinene synthase (Tctps2) and α-terpineol synthase (Tctps5)—from three chemically distinct Thymus caespititius (Lamiaceae) genotypes were performed. Genomic exon–intron structure was also determined for both terpene synthase genes, revealing an(More)
Pinus pinaster and P. pinea are two important pine species in Portugal. These two pine species show different susceptibility to Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, the nematode causing pine wilt disease, as well as a diverse volatile composition. To clarify the role of terpenes in plant–nematode interactions, the α-pinene synthase gene expression was studied, using(More)
The antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of the essential oils from Thymbra capitata and Thymus species grown in Portugal were evaluated. Thymbra and Thymus essential oils were grouped into two clusters: Cluster I in which carvacrol, thymol, p-cymene, α-terpineol, and γ-terpinene dominated and Cluster II in which thymol and carvacrol were absent and(More)
Thymus caespititius Brot. is an Iberian endemic species, whose essential oils possess high diversity and some of them could be used in pharmaceutical and food industries. The effect of culture media composition and fungal extracts on essential oils composition and on the expression of terpene synthase (TPS) genes was evaluated in T. caespititius shoots(More)
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