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BACKGROUND Invasive aspergillosis, which is mainly caused by the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus, is an increasing problem in immunocompromised patients. Infection occurs by inhalation of airborne conidia, which are first encountered by airway epithelial cells. Internalization of these conidia into the epithelial cells could serve as a portal of entry for this(More)
LRRC50 transcripts are found at a higher level in trachea and at lower, but significant, levels in testis and lung. The ubiquitously expressed ERCC3 gene was used as an internal control to normalize the data. A representative experiment of 3 independent experiments is shown. 500 ng of total RNA from different human tissues obtained from Clontech (Takara Bio(More)
BACKGROUND CCDC39 and CCDC40 genes have recently been implicated in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) with inner dynein arm (IDA) defects and axonemal disorganisation; their contribution to the disease is, however, unknown. Aiming to delineate the CCDC39/CCDC40 mutation spectrum and associated phenotypes, this study screened a large cohort of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The role of Aspergillus fumigatus mycotoxins in the colonization of the respiratory tract by conidia has not been studied extensively, even though patients at risk from invasive aspergillosis frequently exhibit respiratory epithelium damage. In a previous study, we found that filtrates of A. fumigatus cultures can specifically alter the(More)
BACKGROUND Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare congenital respiratory disorder characterized by abnormal ciliary motility leading to chronic airway infections. Qualitative evaluation of ciliary beat pattern based on digital high-speed videomicroscopy analysis has been proposed in the diagnosis process of PCD. Although this evaluation is easy in(More)
The pathophysiology of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease remains incompletely understood. New explanations for the pathogenesis of CF lung disease may be discovered by studying the patterns of protein expression in cultured human nasal epithelial cells (HNEC). To that aim, we compared the level of protein expressions in primary cultures of HNEC from nasal(More)
Objectives Muco-ciliary clearance is the airway first mechanism of defence against environmental attacks such as microorganisms or pollution. Cilia motility impairment can be either of genetic (primary ciliary dyskinesia) or acquired origin (environmental attacks), entailing chronic diseases. It is of interest for practitioners to evaluate cilia beating(More)
HAL is a multidisciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers. L'archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est destinée au dépôt età la diffusion(More)
Objective Ciliary dysfunctions may have deleterious consequences on mucociliary clearance. We propose a new approach based on coupling the isolated ciliary beat pattern and the global efficiency of ciliary beat on human ciliated cells. Methods Ciliated cells issued from nasal brushing (controls and primary ciliary dyskinesia patients) were recorded by(More)
Exploring nasal flow contributes to better understanding of pathophysiological functions of nasal cavities. We combined the rhinomanometry measurements of 11 patients and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations in 3 nasal airway models to dissect the complex mechanisms that determine nasal flow obstruction: spatial complexity and pressure-dependent(More)