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Although generally ascribed to the presence of defects, an ultimate assignment of the different contributions to the emission spectrum in terms of surface states and deep levels in ZnO nanostructures is still lacking. In this work we unambiguously give first evidence that zinc vacancies at the (1010) nonpolar surfaces are responsible for the green(More)
Molecular sensitization of the single-crystal ZnO (1010) surface through absorption of the catechol chromophore is investigated by means of density functional approaches. The resulting type II staggered interface is recovered in agreement with experiments, and its origin is traced back to the presence of molecular-related states in the gap of metal-oxide(More)
We present a microscopic model of the interface between liquid water and a hydrophilic, solid surface, as obtained from ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. In particular, we focused on the (100) surface of cubic SiC, a leading semiconductor candidate for biocompatible devices. Our results show that in the liquid in contact with the clean substrate,(More)
The ability to determine the atomic arrangement and termination of various facets of surfactant-coated nanocrystals is of great importance for understanding their growth mechanism and their surface properties and represents a critical piece of information that can be coupled to other experimental techniques and to calculations. This is especially appealing(More)
The interaction of water with Si- and C- terminated beta-SiC(001) surfaces was investigated by means of ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. Irrespective of coverage, varied from 1/4 to 1 monolayer, we found that water dissociates on the Si-terminated surface, substantially modifying the clean surface reconstruction, while the C-terminated surface is(More)
Proteins able to recognize inorganic surfaces are of paramount importance for living organisms. Mimicking nature, surface-recognizing proteins and peptides have also been man-made by combinatorial biochemistry. However, to date the recognition mechanisms remain elusive, and the underlying physicochemical principles are still unknown. Selectivity of(More)
Recent experiments on the silicon terminated (3 x 2)-SiC(100) surface indicated an unexpected metallic character upon hydrogen adsorption. This effect was attributed to the bonding of hydrogen to a row of Si atoms and to the stabilization of a neighboring dangling bond row. Here, on the basis of density-functional calculations, we show that multiple-layer(More)
An integrated theoretical/experimental study of the natural cyanin dye is presented in terms of its structural and optoelectronic properties for different gas-phase and prototypical device configurations. Our microscopic analysis reveals the impact of hydration and hydroxylation reactions, as well as of the attached sugar, on ground and optically excited(More)
We perform first-principles Density Functional Theory calculations for the amorphous In2O3/InN (11̅00) heterostructure. Our results suggest that the interface between InN and its native amorphous oxide is a type "I" interface as observed in X-ray photoemission spectroscopy data for the same materials in the crystalline form. The microscopic analysis of the(More)
We investigated the hydration properties of the cyanin dye molecule in the ionic flavylium configuration, through massive classical (force field) and ab initio (Car-Parrinello) molecular dynamics simulations at room temperature. Classical and quantum mechanical results coherently describe the structure of the first solvation shell. We discuss the(More)