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The neuropeptide Y (NPY) is widely expressed in the central nervous system and has been shown to stimulate neurogenesis in the hippocampus and the olfactory epithelium. Here, we demonstrate that intracerebroventricular injection of NPY stimulates proliferation of neural precursors in the mice subventricular zone (SVZ), one the most neurogenic areas of the(More)
Damage to the adult motor cortex leads to severe and frequently irreversible deficits in motor function. Transplantation of embryonic cortical neurons into the damaged adult motor cortex was previously shown to induce partial recovery, but reports on graft efferents have varied from no efferent projections to sparse innervation. Here, we grafted embryonic(More)
We present here evidence for the enhancement, at rest, of an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-mediated calcium signaling pathway in myotubes from dystrophin-deficient cell lines (SolC1(-)) as compared to a cell line from the same origin but transfected with mini-dystrophin (SolD(+)). With confocal microscopy, the number of sites discharging calcium(More)
In muscle cells, force development is controlled by Ca2+ ions, which are rapidly released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) during sarcolemmal depolarization. In addition to this synchronized spatially homogeneous calcium signal, localized quantal Ca2+ release events (sparks) have been recorded using laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy.(More)
BACKGROUND In airway epithelial cells, calcium mobilization can be elicited by selective autocrine and/or paracrine activation of apical or basolateral membrane heterotrimeric G protein-coupled receptors linked to phospholipase C (PLC) stimulation, which generates inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and 1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) and induces Ca2+ release from(More)
This study aims to investigate the sodium/calcium exchanger expression in human co-cultured skeletal muscle cells and to compare the effects of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange activity in normal and dystrophic (Duchenne's muscular dystrophy) human co-cultured myotubes. For this purpose, variations of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](int)) were monitored,(More)
Phagocytosis and autophagy are typically dedicated to degradation of substrates of extrinsic and intrinsic origins respectively. Although overlaps between phagocytosis and autophagy were reported, the use of autophagy for ingested substrate degradation by nonprofessional phagocytes has not been described. Blood-separated tissues use their tissue-specific(More)
The chicken retina contains five visual photoreceptor subtypes, based on the specific opsin gene they express. In addition to the central role they play in vision, some or all of these photoreceptors translate photoperiodic information into a day–night rhythm of melatonin production. This indolic hormone plays an important role in the photoperiodic(More)
Damage to the adult motor cortex leads to severe and frequently irreversible deficits in motor function. Transplantation of embryonic cortical neurons into the damaged adult motor cortex was previously shown to induce partial recovery, but reports on graft efferents have varied from no efferent projections to sparse innervation. Here, we grafted embryonic(More)
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