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The present work is aimed at identifying and characterizing, at a molecular and functional level, new ionic conductances potentially involved in the excitation-secretion coupling and proliferation of cardiac ventricular fibroblasts. Among potassium channel transcripts which were screened by high-throughput real-time PCR, SUR2 and Kir6.1 mRNAs were found to(More)
The neuropeptide Y (NPY) is widely expressed in the central nervous system and has been shown to stimulate neurogenesis in the hippocampus and the olfactory epithelium. Here, we demonstrate that intracerebroventricular injection of NPY stimulates proliferation of neural precursors in the mice subventricular zone (SVZ), one the most neurogenic areas of the(More)
Damage to the adult motor cortex leads to severe and frequently irreversible deficits in motor function. Transplantation of embryonic cortical neurons into the damaged adult motor cortex was previously shown to induce partial recovery, but reports on graft efferents have varied from no efferent projections to sparse innervation. Here, we grafted embryonic(More)
ASR proteins (abscissic acid, stress, ripening induced) are involved in plant responses to developmental and environmental signals but their biological functions remain to be elucidated. Grape ASR gene (VvMSA) encodes a new transcription factor regulating the expression of a glucose transporter. Here, we provide evidence for some polymorphism of grape ASRs(More)
Sertoli cells provide a controlled microenvironment for regulation and maintenance of spermatogenesis for which an acidic milieu is crucial for male fertility. Sertoli cells also contribute to protection of spermatogenetic cells. Here, we showed that TRPV1 is expressed in rat Sertoli cells and regulates an acid sensing Cl(-) channel (ASCC). The expression(More)
We present here evidence for the enhancement, at rest, of an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-mediated calcium signaling pathway in myotubes from dystrophin-deficient cell lines (SolC1(-)) as compared to a cell line from the same origin but transfected with mini-dystrophin (SolD(+)). With confocal microscopy, the number of sites discharging calcium(More)
In muscle cells, force development is controlled by Ca2+ ions, which are rapidly released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) during sarcolemmal depolarization. In addition to this synchronized spatially homogeneous calcium signal, localized quantal Ca2+ release events (sparks) have been recorded using laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy.(More)
Calcium seems to be a major second messenger involved in the regulation of prostatic cell functions, but the mechanisms underlying its control are poorly understood. We investigated spatiotemporal aspects of Ca2+ signals in the LNCaP cell line, a model of androgen-dependent prostatic cells, by using non-invasive external electric field pulses that(More)
The signaling events that regulate vascular tone include voltage-dependent Ca(2+) influx and the activities of various ionic channels; which molecular entities are involved and their role are still a matter of debate. Here we show expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel in rat aortic smooth muscle cells.(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cyclic AMP-dependent chloride channel that mediates electrolyte transport across the luminal surface of epithelial cells. In this paper, we describe the CFTR regulation by syntaxin 8, a t-SNARE protein (target soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor) involved(More)