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Dynamics of electroencephalographic (EEG) activity during auditory information processing were evaluated in response to changes in stimulus complexity, stimulus discriminability and attention using the oddball paradigm. In comparison to pre-stimulus baseline conditions, auditory stimulation synchronized EEG activity in delta, theta and alpha frequency(More)
There is widespread recognition that consistency between research centres in the ways that patients with tinnitus are assessed and outcomes following interventions are measured would facilitate more effective co-operation and more meaningful evaluations and comparisons of outcomes. At the first Tinnitus Research Initiative meeting held in Regensburg in July(More)
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) measured from the ear canal can be a sensitive tool to detect changes in cochlear function over time. However, if multiple-measurement procedures are to be useful clinically, testing needs to be reliable and sources of variability within individuals should be known. Herein, the influence of time-of-day(More)
Tinnitus is most often initiated by modality specific otopathologic disturbances affecting peripheral and central auditory pathways. However, there is growing evidence indicating that the anatomical location generating tinnitus occurs at sites different from the initial pathology. Support for this notion is found in individuals where tinnitus can be(More)
A case of 'central deafness' is presented in a 3-year-old male Caucasian child with Moyamoya disease (MMD); a rare, progressive and occlusive cerebrovascular disorder predominantly affecting the carotid artery system. Documentation of normal peripheral auditory function and brainstem pathway integrity is provided by acoustic admittance, otoacoustic emission(More)
Mismatch negativity (MMN) is thought to represent a neurophysiological index of auditory information processing that is independent of attention. Because this measure does not require an overt behavioral response, MMN has potential to evaluate higher order perceptual abilities in infants, young children and difficult-to-test populations, thereby extending(More)
Two experiments were performed to study short-term acoustic recognition memory using synthesized binary tone patterns within a three-interval, three-alternative forced choice psychophysical procedure. In Experiment 1, subjects showed as significant performance advantage in processing binary frequency patterns over intensity and duration patterns. In(More)
OBJECTIVE Available evidence suggests tinnitus arises from excessive spontaneous activity in the left superior temporal gyrus, and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may suppress this activity. Our hypothesis is that rTMS applied to this region would decrease tinnitus complaints in veterans. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, nonrandomized trial.(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a contemporary neuroimaging modality used to study connectivity patterns and microstructure of white matter tracts in the brain. The use of DTI in the study of tinnitus is a relatively unexplored methodology with no studies focusing specifically on tinnitus induced by noise exposure. In this investigation, participants were(More)
A prospective, non-randomized study evaluated the effects of tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy (T +/- A) on acoustic and perceptual aspects of vocal function. Thirty-one children, ranging in age from 4 to 15 years participated and measurements were made prior to and 3 months following surgery. Twenty-three children had T +/- A and eight had adenoidectomy(More)