A. C. R. Samson

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We have determined the sequences of the 5′ ends of three strains of Newcastle disease virus, permitting the assembly of the entire genomic sequence, which amounts to 15,186 nucleotides. This length is in agreement with the rule of six, which has been shown to determine replication efficiency in similar viruses. Comparison of the extreme 5′ end of the(More)
SmtB is a member of a family of repressors which dissociate from DNA in the presence of metals; Zn2+ being the most potent inducer of metallothionein gene (smtA) transcription in vivo. In Synechococcus PCC 7942 cells devoid of chromosomal smtB, four plasmid-encoded mutants of SmtB (C61S, T11S/C14S, C121S and H105R/H106R) repressed lacZ expression driven by(More)
In this paper we report on the identification of non-essential genes in the terminal repeats of the avipox-virus fowlpox virus and the use of these as insertion sites in a vector system. Foreign genes inserted into these sites are shown to be present in two copies in the resultant recombinant virus. To test the potential use of this vector as a live vaccine(More)
A panel of eight neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the fusion (F) protein of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has been shown to locate a major antigenic site on the basis of competitive binding assay and additivity index studies. Five epitopes (A1 to A5) have been located within this site on the F protein of the Beaudette C strain of NDV on the(More)
The hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) gene from the Beaudette C strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has been expressed in a recombinant fowlpox virus vector. The HN gene, under the control of the vaccinia p7.5 promoter, was inserted into a nonessential gene in the terminal inverted repeats of fowlpox virus. Expression was demonstrated in tissue culture,(More)
The binding site of a monoclonal antibody to the haemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) polypeptide of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has been located. Complementary DNA or synthetic oligonucleotides corresponding to portions of the HN gene were cloned into the Escherichia coli vector pUC19 and fragments of the HN protein were thereby fused to the alpha-peptide(More)
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) virions possess two proteins which react strongly with monoclonal antibody 688 following separation by high resolution two-dimensional (isoelectric focusing/SDS) PAGE and detection by Western blotting. One is the phosphorylated nucleocapsid-associated 53K [P (NAP)] protein, the other comigrates with the 36K protein detected by(More)
Immunofluorescent staining of unfixed respiratory syncytial virus-infected HeLa cells with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) demonstrated that the 22K protein is expressed on the cell membrane along with the fusion (F) protein and large glycoprotein (G). All three proteins were detected in the cytoplasm at 17 h post-infection and in the case of the F and G(More)
In this paper we report the development and testing of a fowlpox virus vector system. Insertion sites in non-essential regions within the terminal inverted repeats of the virus have been characterised. Foreign genes inserted into these sites are shown to be present in two copies in the resultant recombinant virus. To test the potential use of this vector as(More)