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Four isoforms of human fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) result from alternative initiations of translation at three CUG start codons and one AUG start codon. Here we characterize a new 34-kDa FGF-2 isoform whose expression is initiated at a fifth initiation codon. This 34-kDa FGF-2 was identified in HeLa cells by using an N-terminal directed antibody. Its(More)
A 6.75-kilobase human hepatoma-derived basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) cDNA was cloned and sequenced. An amino-terminal sequence generated from a purified hepatoma bFGF was found to correspond to the nucleotide sequence and to begin 8 amino acids upstream from the putative methionine start codon thought to initiate a 154-amino acid bFGF translation(More)
Alternative initiations of translation of the human fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) mRNA, at three CUG start codons and one AUG start codon, result in the synthesis of four isoforms of FGF-2. This process has important consequences on the fate of FGF-2: the CUG-initiated products are nuclear and their constitutive expression is able to induce cell(More)
Four isoforms of the human fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2), with different intracellular localizations and distinct effects on cell phenotype, result from alternative initiations of translation at three CUG and one AUG start codons. We showed here by Western immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation that the CUG-initiated forms of FGF-2 were synthesized in(More)
The mRNA of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the major angiogenic growth factor, contains an unusually long (1,038 nucleotides) and structured 5' untranslated region (UTR). According to the classical translation initiation model of ribosome scanning, such a 5' UTR is expected to be a strong translation inhibitor. In vitro and bicistronic(More)
The human proto-oncogene c-myc encodes two proteins, c-Myc1 and c-Myc2, from two initiation codons, CUG and AUG, respectively. It is also transcribed from four alternative promoters (P0, P1, P2, and P3), giving rise to different RNA 5'-leader sequences, the long sizes of which suggest that they must be inefficiently translated by the classical ribosome(More)
Alternative initiation of translation at three CUG and one AUG start codons leads to the synthesis of four isoforms of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) that have distinct intracellular localizations and affect the cell phenotype differently. We show here that the expression of FGF-2 CUG-initiated isoforms decreases in a cell-density-dependent manner in(More)
Moloney murine leukemia virus (Mo-MuLV) genomic mRNA codes for two gag precursors by alternative initiations of translation. An AUG codon governs the synthesis of the retroviral capsid proteins precursor, whereas a CUG codon directs the synthesis of a glycosylated cell surface antigen, the gross cell surface antigen. Control of the relative synthesis of the(More)
Murine leukemia virus (MuLV) codes for two precursors of the group-specific antigens, Pr65gag and Pr75gag, in vivo. While Pr65gag is the precursor to the virion structural proteins, Pr75gag undergoes glycosylation and is found on the surface of the infected cell as gp85gag, and it is thought to play a role in virus maturation and spread. Pr65gag synthesis(More)
Both 17beta-estradiol (E2) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) stimulate angiogenesis and endothelial cell migration and proliferation. The first goal of this study was to explore the potential link between this hormone and this growth factor. E2-stimulated angiogenesis in SC Matrigel plugs in Fgf2+/+ mice, but not in Fgf2-/- mice. Cell cultures from(More)