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Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is pivotal in B cell activation and development through its participation in the signaling pathways of multiple hematopoietic receptors. The mechanisms controlling BTK activation were studied here by examination of the biochemical consequences of an interaction between BTK and SRC family kinases. This interaction of BTK with(More)
Interleukin 10 (IL-10) has recently been shown to induce normal human B lymphocytes to proliferate and differentiate into immunoglobulin (Ig)-secreting cells. Herein, we show that IL-10 also promotes DNA synthesis and IgM production by anti-CD40 activated B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). Most strikingly, IL-2 and IL-10 were found to synergize to(More)
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is essential for B-lineage development and represents an emerging family of non-receptor tyrosine kinases implicated in signal transduction events initiated by a range of cell surface receptors. Increased dosage of Btk in normal B cells resulted in a striking enhancement of extracellular calcium influx following B-cell antigen(More)
Recent studies have established that interleukin (IL)-10 induces growth and most notably differentiation of normal human B lymphocytes. We studied here the effects of IL-10 on the proliferation and survival of B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells. IL-10 was found to inhibit 54-96% of the spontaneous tritiated thymidine incorporation observed in 3 of(More)
The pattern of in vitro growth response of freshly isolated non-Hodgkin malignant lymphoma B cells (NHML) to cytokines was investigated. Ten tumor specimens of low- or intermediate-grade malignancy were selected for study. To assess their proliferative capacity in vitro, B-lymphoma cells were activated through ligation of their surface Ig receptor with(More)
The recently described interleukin-13 (IL-13) has been shown to share many of the effects of IL-4 on normal B cells, including growth-promoting activity and induction of CD23. In this study, we compared the effects of IL-13 and IL-4 on B chronic lymphocytic leukaemias (B-CLL) cells. After anti-CD40 activation, both IL-13 and IL-4 promoted the DNA synthesis(More)
Recent studies performed in the laboratory have established that interleukin-4 (IL-4) used in combination with anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 89 presented on Ltk- mouse fibroblasts stably expressing human Fc gamma RII/CDw32 (referred to as the CD40 system) sustains long-term proliferation of normal human B cells. In the present study, B-cell chronic(More)
Cell cycle progression is monitored by highly coordinated checkpoint machinery, which is activated to induce cell cycle arrest until defects like DNA damage are corrected. We have isolated an anti-proliferative cell cycle regulator named G2A (for G2 accumulation), which is predominantly expressed in immature T and B lymphocyte progenitors and is a member of(More)
We describe a long-term, in vitro culture system initiated with CD34(+) or CD34(+)CD38(-) umbilical cord blood hematopoietic progenitors that supports normal human B-lineage development, including the production of mature Ig-secreting B cells. In the first stage (human B-progenitor long-term culture [HB-LTC]), CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitors are cultured(More)
B-chronic lymphocytic leukemias (B-CLL) represent expanded clones of resting B lymphocytes that mostly express surface IgM (sIgM). The present study shows that B-CLL cells, freshly isolated from two patients, were sIgM+, sIgG-, and sIgA- but expressed IgG and IgA transcripts. cDNA cloning and sequencing showed that the VDJ segments associated to gamma and(More)