A. C. Diserens

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In this study we established the simultaneous status of TP53, p16, p14ARF and PTEN tumor suppressor genes in 34 randomly chosen human glioma cell lines. Nine cell lines (26.4%) harbored mutations or deletions in all four tumor suppressor genes and 22 cell lines (64%) had alterations in at least three. Mutations/deletions were found at the following(More)
This study demonstrates interleukin 6 (IL-6) production and release by human glioblastomas. Twenty glioblastoma cell lines were tested for IL-6 bioactivity using an IL-6-dependent cell line (7TD1). All of the lines tested with one exception (LN-229) constitutively released IL-6. A significant induction of IL-6 production and secretion was observed when(More)
Expression of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) was examined in human central nervous system tumours (glioblastomas and astrocytomas) and normal human brain. Northern blot analysis demonstrated constitutive expression of MCP-1 mRNA in 6 of 12 glioblastoma cell lines. Expression could be stimulated by interleukin (IL)-1 beta and tumour necrosis(More)
Hybridoma cells were derived from a fusion between mouse P3x63/Ag8 myeloma cells and spleen cells from a mouse immunized with whole cells of a human malignant glioma line. Of 345 hybrids obtained, 36 secreted antibodies that reacted with the glioma cell line used for immunization as assayed by an indirect antibody-binding radioimmunoassay. After a first(More)
Although human glioblastomas are highly invasive tumors intracerebrally, only rarely do they metastasize outside the central nervous system. In contrast, the brain is a major target for metastatic spread of many systemic tumors. Recently, it was demonstrated that expression of splice variants of CD44 (CD44v), but not standard CD44 (CD44s), was sufficient to(More)
A human malignant glioma cell line, LN-18, has been established in monolayer culture and subcultured for more than 115 passages. LN-18 cells grow in vitro as bipolar or stellate cells with pleomorphic nuclei, have a doubling time of about 72 h and a plating efficiency of 3%. The glial nature of these cells has been assessed by ultrastructural examination.(More)
Mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene is one of the earliest identified genetic lesions during malignant progression of human astrocytomas. To assess the functional significance of these mutations, wild-type (WT) p53 genes were introduced into glioblastoma cell lines having mutant, WT, or null endogenous p53 alleles. Populations of cells with mutant or(More)
In this paper, the characterization of four human malignant glioma cell lines is described. The four lines are positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in variable amounts. One of them, LN 992, is positive for S-100 protein. Myelin basic protein could not be detected in any of the four lines. The four lines had high levels of CNPase activity. The(More)
To elucidate which cytokine receptors may be expressed by human glioblastoma and normal astrocytic cells, the presence of messenger ribonucleic acid (RNA) for a number of cytokine receptors was examined in 16 glioblastoma cell lines and adult and fetal astrocytes. A complementary deoxyribonucleic acid copy of total RNA was synthesized and amplified with(More)
The humoral response of 39 meningioma patients to possible tumourassociated antigens was studied by means of an antibody dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity test (ADCC). Five patients were found to have cytotoxic antibodies against 1 to 10 meningioma cell lines. However, three of these were also cytotoxic against malignant glioma cell lines but not against(More)