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A range of surface proteins is anchored to the cell walls of Gram-positive pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus by the transpeptidase sortase. Until now, sortase-like proteins and their substrates appeared to be limited mainly to such pathogens. However, by searching for sortase homologues among complete and incomplete genome sequences, we have found(More)
Gram-negative bacteria secrete a variety of proteins to the cell surface and beyond, a process with many inherent difficulties. An exceptionally widespread answer to these problems is the type V (or autotransporter) secretion pathway. By exploiting the data made available by bacterial genome sequencing, we have discovered that the previously described(More)
ADP-ribosylation is a post-translational modification that can be seen in many contexts, including as the primary mechanism of action of many important bacterial exotoxins. By data-mining complete and incomplete bacterial genome sequences, we have discovered >20 novel putative ADP-ribosyltransferases, including several new potential toxins.
Orexin neurons form a restricted group in the dorsal hypothalamus. The group is centered on the perifornical area within the classic hypothalamic defense area, an area which when activated produces marked cardiovascular and respiratory effects. Central administration of orexin can produce cardiorespiratory effects, but the extent to which orexin contributes(More)
Recent advances in molecular technologies have resulted in the ability to screen hundreds of thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms and tens of thousands of gene expression profiles. While these data have the potential to inform investigations into disease etiologies and advance medicine, the question of how to adequately control both type I and type(More)
The tricorn protease is an archaeal protease that forms massive proteasome-like capsids with a hollow chamber. beta-Propeller and PDZ domains are thought to play a role in substrate selection. By analysis of predicted proteins from novel bacterial genome sequences, we have identified four new bacterial tricorn-like proteases, complete with similar(More)
BACKGROUND The biomechanical and viscoelastic properties of the skin enable it to be significantly stretched within a relatively short period of time. This property, called mechanical creep, is exploited in various surgical maneuvers for intraoperative closure of large surgical defects. The recently introduced Miami Suture Tension Adjustment Reel (S.T.A.R.)(More)
—Pulse shaping is examined as a means to improve the performance of a differential offset quadrature phase-shift keying system in a bandwidth-constrained environment. Through optimization with respect to a composite Nyquist criterion, the derived pulse shapes have comparable performance to a 4-differential quadrature phase-shift keying in an additive white(More)