A. C. Arnberg

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Hepatitis delta (delta) virus (HDV), a satellite virus of the hepatitis B virus (HBV), causes a severe form of viral hepatitis in humans. Here we present evidence based on electron microscopy and electrophoretic behaviour that HDV contains a single stranded circular RNA molecule. This is the first animal virus identified with a circular RNA genome. Circular(More)
The concentration of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) varies strongly between different organs and between different regions within organs. To permit further studies on the regulation of GDH expression, we isolated and characterized the rat gene encoding the GDH protein. This gene contains 13 exons and spans approximately 34 kbp. The GDH gene is present as a(More)
The genes encoding the large (cfxL) and small (cfxS) subunits of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (RuBisC/O) from Xanthobacter favus H4-14 were identified and characterized. The RuBisC/O genes are separated by 11 by and cotranscribed in Escherichia coli from the lac promoter in the order cfxLS. Primer extension and R-loop experiments with RNA isolated(More)
Thyroglobulin (Tg), the precursor of thyroid hormones, is a 660.000 Da dimeric glycoprotein synthesized exclusively in the thyroid gland. We have cloned the human thyroglobulin gene from cosmid and phage libraries and constructed a complete restriction map. The gene encodes an 8.7 kb mRNA, covers at least 300 kb DNA and contains at least 37 exons separated(More)
The elongation factor EF-1 alpha is one of the most abundant proteins in eukaryotic cells, where it catalyzes the binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to ribosomes. The genes coding for this protein in the brine shrimp Artemia were analyzed by gene cloning, electron microscopy and chromosomal blot hybridization. There are only a few (about four) copies of one type of(More)
We have studied splicing of precursors to the large ribosomal RNA and processing of the excised intron in yeast mitochondria using primer extension with reverse transcriptase and electron microscopy. Structural features of the following intermediates are described: first, a linear RNA carrying a 5'-terminal G that is not encoded in mitochondrial DNA;(More)
We have cloned overlapping segments of the human thyroglobulin gene from a genomic cosmid library. Restriction mapping and electron microscopy show that a region of 38 kb at or near the 3'-end of this gene encodes only 850 nucleotides or 10% of the messenger RNA (mRNA) sequence. The region contains five exons of 130-210 nucleotides, split by introns of 1 to(More)
A model for the quaternary structure of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase (nucleosidetriphosphate:RNA nucleotidyltransferase, EC 2.7.7.6) is presented. It is based on results from classification of profiles of enzyme molecules, and from application of immuno electron microscopy. Classification of molecules, prepared with the single carbon layer technique, was(More)
Employing an exonuclease III protection assay we detected a protein in crude HeLa nuclear extracts binding, with apparent sequence specificity, to molecular ends of adenovirus type 2 (Ad2) DNA. This protein, designated nuclear factor IV (NFIV), was purified to homogeneity and was shown to be a hetero-dimer of 72,000 and 84,000 Mr. Binding to terminal Ad2(More)