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The preparation of two pig kidney materials is described, together with a report on the results of an intercomparison study of methods to determine ochratoxin A levels in these materials. The materials were prepared, and the intercomparison study carried out within the European Commission. Measurements and Testing Programme, which is the successor of the(More)
Fumonisins are mycotoxins mainly produced by Fusarium moniliforme, one of the most prevalent seed-borne fungi of maize. Strains of Fusarium moniliforme isolated from cereals in Europe produced in cultures high levels (up to 4 mg/g) of fumonisins B1 and B2 (FB1 and FB2). FB1 and FB2 have been found in maize and maize-based foods and feeds in most European(More)
The effect of gamma-irradiation on fumonisin B1 (FB1) and fumonisin B2 (FB2) occurring in maize materials has been investigated together with the stability of fumonisins in gamma-irradiated maize stored at different temperatures (-18 to +40 degrees C) for different periods (2, 4, 13 and 26 weeks). Fifteen KGy gamma-irradiation was required to sterilize(More)
Several ring tests have been organized by the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) and the Measurement and Testing Programme (BCR) for improving glucosinolate methods. Finally, HPLC of desulphoglucosinolates is recommended by ISO, the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), and the European Commission (EC) as the official method. X-ray(More)
The Commission of the European Communities' Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) has undertaken a project to improve methodology and to prepare suitable certified reference materials in order to provide a basis for analytical quality control for the determination of ochratoxin A. The first phase of the project, an intercomparison of procedures for the(More)
The results of an intercomparison study for the analysis of fumonisin B1 (FB1) and fumonisin B2 (FB2) in a contaminated maize material (Maize B, containing approximately 2 micrograms/g FB1 and 1 micrograms/g FB2) and its 'blank' counterpart (Maize A, containing less than 20 ng/g FB1 and FB2) are reported. Maize materials were distributed in 60 g sachets,(More)
This paper describes the first part of a project undertaken to develop mussel reference materials for Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) toxins. Two interlaboratory studies were undertaken to investigate the performance of the analytical methodology for several PSP toxins, in particular saxitoxin (STX) and decarbamoyl-saxitoxin (dc-STX) in lyophilized(More)
Incremental samples (50, 100, and 500 g) were systematically collected from large shipments of copra meal pellets, copra cake, and palm kernel cake to study the distribution of aflatoxin B1 and evaluate adherence of distribution to the model, CV(2)is (EQ) = A + B/Mis (where CVis = coefficient of variation of the true concentration of aflatoxin B1 within the(More)
The European Commission, Measurements and Testing Programme (BCR) has undertaken a project to improve methodology and to prepare certified reference materials for ochratoxin A determination. The first phase of this project, an intercomparison of procedures for the determination of ochratoxin A in wheat, at a content of approximately 13 micrograms/kg, has(More)
The stability of fumonisins B1 and B2 (FB1 and FB2) during 6 week storage was studied in acetonitrile:water (1:1) and methanol at four storage temperatures (-18, 4, 25 and 40 degrees C). Samples were analysed by HPLC with fluorescence detection after derivatization with o-phthaldialdehyde. Decomposition of fumonisins was evident in a methanol solution after(More)