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The present study demonstrates the occurrence of substance P (SP)- and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP)-immunoreactive nerve fibres in bone, bone marrow, periosteum, synovial membrane and soft tissues adjacent to the bone. The distribution pattern of the two types of nerves was similar, although the CGRP-positive fibres generally were more numerous.(More)
The occurrence of autonomic nerves in the lumbar spine of rats was investigated by immunohistochemical technique. Both peptidergic nerves, represented by immunoreactivity to neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), and noradrenergic nerves as reflected by tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity, were identified. NPY- and TH-positive(More)
The presence of sensory and autonomic nerves in the synovial membrane of the lumbar facet joint in rats was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivities, representing sensory nerves, were observed as varicose fibers in the synoviocyte layer. The fibers were predominantly nonvascular. The autonomic(More)
The feasibility of extracting neuropeptides from rat knee joints for quantitation by radioimmunoassay was tested. The investigation, based on 25 adult Lewis rats, focused on substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide, neuropeptide Y, and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide. The relative recovery of the peptides in different extraction media was assessed(More)
The feasibility of extracting and quantifying neuropeptides in bone by radioimmunoassay was investigated in a study including 60 diaphyseal rat femora. Substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide, neuropeptide Y and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, previously identified in bone by immunohistochemistry, were extracted from separate homogenates of bone,(More)
The effects of capsaicin on the sensory neuropeptides substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide were analyzed in the ankle joints and dorsal root ganglia (L2-L6) of adult female Lewis rats. The study included 23 normal rats and 23 arthritic rats, all injected subcutaneously with capsaicin (total dose 200 mg/kg bw). Another two groups of animals from a(More)
The occurrence of the neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in ankle joints and dorsal root ganglia (L2-L6) was analyzed in normal and arthritic Lewis rats. In addition the effect of capsaicin pretreatment was investigated. The study included 92 rats consisting of 4 groups, 23 rats in each; normal rats, normal rats(More)
The development of autonomic nerves in the hindlimb skeleton, was studied in rats from gestational day (G) 15 to postnatal day (P) 24 by immunoreactivity to neuropeptide Y (NPY) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). Control labelling with antisera to neurofilaments, protein gene-product 9.5 (PGP 9.5), and nerve terminals, synaptophysin (SYN), showed(More)
Based upon the immunohistochemical demonstration of neuropeptides in the skeleton, including vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), we have addressed the question of whether neuropeptides may exert regulatory roles on bone tissue metabolism or not. In the present communication, we have investigated if VIP can affect anabolic processes in osteoblasts.(More)