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Hypertension affects one billion people and is a principal reversible risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHAII), a rare Mendelian syndrome featuring hypertension, hyperkalaemia and metabolic acidosis, has revealed previously unrecognized physiology orchestrating the balance between renal salt reabsorption and K(+) and(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal therapeutic regimen for managing childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is still under debate. We have evaluated the choice of steroid regimen and of symptomatic treatment adopted by pediatricians and pediatric nephrologists in a large number of centers as the first step towards establishing a shared protocol METHODS This was(More)
Acute hemorrhagic edema of young children is an uncommon but likely underestimated cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The condition typically affects infants 6-24 months of age with a history of recent respiratory illness with or without course of antibiotics. The diagnosis is made in children, mostly nontoxic in appearance, presenting with nonpruritic,(More)
Epithelia permit selective and regulated flux from apical to basolateral surfaces by transcellular passage through cells or paracellular flux between cells. Tight junctions constitute the barrier to paracellular conductance; however, little is known about the specific molecules that mediate paracellular permeabilities. Renal magnesium ion (Mg2+) resorption(More)
We studied glucose metabolism in a group of adolescents and young adults with uremia using the hyperglycemic clamp technique. In eight adolescent patients, the glucose metabolic rate correlated negatively with PTH levels and positively with the glomerular filtration rate. Six patients, one adolescent and five adults on regular hemodialysis with severe(More)
BACKGROUND The cardinal characteristics of primary hypomagnesaemia-hypercalciuria-nephrocalcinosis include renal magnesium wasting, marked hypercalciuria, renal stones, nephrocalcinosis, a tendency towards chronic renal insufficiency and sometimes even ocular abnormalities or hearing impairment. METHODS As very few patients with this syndrome have been(More)
Clinical or biochemical findings were reevaluated in 34 pediatric patients with primary renal tubular hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. The patients were subdivided into two groups. Bartter syndrome (primary renal tubular hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis with normocalciuria or hypercalciuria) was diagnosed in 18 patients with molar urinary calcium/creatinine(More)
Electrolyte homeostasis is maintained by several ion transport systems. Na-(K)-Cl cotransporters promote the electrically silent movement of chloride across the membrane in absorptive and secretory epithelia. Two kidney-specific Na-(K)-Cl cotransporter isoforms are known, so far, according to their sensitivity to specific inhibitors. We have cloned the(More)
We report on a new patient with deletion of 22q11 associated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and a fatal outcome. She had minor facial anomalies and cardiac malformation corresponding to those described in del (22q11) syndrome, normal T and B cell function and NK activity; bone marrow aspiration showed active erythrophagocytosis. Our case in(More)
A hereditary defect of the distal tubule accounts for the clinical features of Gitelman syndrome (GS), an autosomal recessive disease characterized by hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, metabolic alkalosis, and hypocalciuria. Recently, we cloned the cDNA coding for the human Na-Cl thiazide-sensitive cotransporter (TSC; also known as ¿NCCT¿ or ¿SLC12A3¿) as a(More)