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In rats undergoing renal mass reduction (RMR) oral supplementation with the nitric oxide (NO) precursor L-arginine increases glomerular filtration rate and ameliorates signs of glomerular injury, suggesting that chronic renal failure in the rats is a condition of low NO formation in the kidney. On the contrary, data are available that in the systemic(More)
Injury to a target organ can be sensed by bone marrow stem cells that migrate to the site of damage, undergo differentiation, and promote structural and functional repair. This remarkable stem cell capacity prompted an investigation of the potential of mesenchymal and hematopoietic stem cells to cure acute renal failure. The model of renal injury induced in(More)
The incidence of chronic kidney diseases is increasing worldwide, and these conditions are emerging as a major public health problem. While genetic factors contribute to susceptibility and progression of renal disease, proteinuria has been claimed as an independent predictor of outcome. Reduction of urinary protein levels by various medications and a(More)
Type 1 diabetes is associated with a progressive loss of beta cells and pancreatic islet transplantation could represent a cure for this disease. Herein we explored whether transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) allowed a reduced number of pancreatic islets to improve glycemic control in diabetic rats, by promoting islet(More)
Human amniotic fluid stem (hAFS) cells, a novel class of broadly multipotent stem cells that share characteristics of both embryonic and adult stem cells, have been regarded as promising candidate for cell therapy. Taking advantage by the well-established murine model of acute kidney injury (AKI), we studied the proregenerative effect of hAFS cells in(More)
For chronic kidney diseases, there is little chance that the vast majority of world's population will have access to renal replacement therapy with dialysis or transplantation. Tissue engineering would help to address this shortcoming by regeneration of damaged kidney using naturally occurring scaffolds seeded with precursor renal cells. The aims of the(More)
Transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC) or stromal cells from rodents has been identified as a strategy for renal repair in experimental models of acute kidney injury (AKI), a highly life-threatening clinical setting. The therapeutic potential of BM-MSC of human origin has not been reported so far. Here, we investigated whether human(More)
The production of malondialdehyde (MDA) and thromboxane B2 (TxB2) by platelets following an arachidonic acid (AA) challenge was greater in nephrotic platelet rich plasma (PRP) than in normal PRP. The uptake of 14C-AA, and its subsequent conversion to 14C-TxB2 following a thrombin stimulus, was also greater in nephrotic than normal PRP. Normal plasma(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate claims that elevated soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 receptor (sFlt-1) and decreased placental growth factor predict preeclampsia. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE (1966-March 2006), EMBASE (1980-June 2006), POPLINE (1980-June 2006), CINAHL (1982-June 2006), and LILACS (1982-June 2006) were searched, and experts contacted. METHODS OF STUDY(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Insight into the mechanisms underlying the progression of chronic proteinuric nephropathies has attracted the interest of the renal community in the last two decades. Systemic hypertension, proteinuria, cytokines and growth factors, and reactive oxygen species have all been implicated. Reviewed here are the determinants of(More)