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Controversy continues about whether, and to what levels of abundance, thyroid-stimulating hormone receptors (TSHR) are found in human tissues other than the thyroid gland. Restricted expression to the thyroid and orbit would suggest that TSHR represents the target autoantigen in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. A more generalized pattern of tissue(More)
There are many published studies about the epigenetic effects of the prenatal and infant periods on health outcomes. However, there is very little knowledge regarding the effects of the intrapartum period (labor and birth) on health and epigenetic remodeling. Although the intrapartum period is relatively short compared to the complete perinatal period,(More)
OBJECTIVE The immunosuppressant drug rapamycin, has been reported to inhibit 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation by interfering with critical postconfluent mitoses that are required early on for successful differentiation of this cell line (clonal expansion phase). In contrast to the murine 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cell line, human preadipocytes in primary culture(More)
Food and beverage packaging has been identified as a contributing factor to malnutrition among elderly patients in hospitals. The focus of this research was to describe the types of food and beverage packaging used in NSW hospitals, determine the 'problematic' packaging from the users' perspective, investigate the effect of hand strength on the ability to(More)
Endogenous expression of antisense RNA in transfected cells has been explored for use in blocking cellular gene expression and for its antiviral potential. Antisense strategies were used with the goal of blocking measles virus (MV) infection. A recombinant expression plasmid was designed to produce antisense oligonucleotides targeted to the 5' end of the MV(More)
Measles virus (MV) suppresses specific functions in cells of the immune system and causes a generalized immunosuppression by mechanisms which remain undefined. It has been previously established that mitogen-induced proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is suppressed by infection with MV. Our current study demonstrates that MV infection(More)
Although there have been reports supporting the presence of the TSH receptor (TSHR) in human adipose tissue, these findings are still not universally accepted. Contributing to the controversy is a paucity of data about the physiological role the TSH receptor might play in adipose cells. In addition to mature lipid-filled adipocytes, adipose tissue also(More)
The screening of a rat mast cell cDNA library with a probe selected to recognize those genes preferentially or exclusively expressed by mast cells identified a rat gene sequence, RF-17, that shared homology with the beta-integrins. This integrin was expressed in rat tissues enriched for mast cells and T cells. The rat RF-17 sequence was used to isolate the(More)
Food is increasingly a packaged commodity, both in the community and in institutionalised settings such as hospitals, where many older people are malnourished. Previous research with patients aged over 65 years in NSW public hospitals identified difficulties opening milk, water, juices, cereal and tetra packs. The aim of this paper was to assess the ability(More)