A. Baumgartner

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In parallel to the detection of new neuronal autoantibodies, the diagnosis of non-infectious limbic encephalitis has risen. Given that cerebral imaging studies show highly variable results, the present retrospective study investigates imaging findings in association with autoantibody type. An institutional database search identified 18 patients with(More)
ABSTRACT Naitalizumab is a potent monoclonal antibody approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS); however, little is known about the course of disease after cessation of therapy. The few existing reports describe different courses of disease after treatment discontinuation. Here we report on four MS patients who experienced(More)
Exposure to genotoxins may compromise DNA integrity in male reproductive cells, putting future progeny at risk for developmental defects and diseases. To study the usefulness of sperm DNA damage as a biomarker for genotoxic exposure, we have investigated cellular and molecular changes induced by benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) in human sperm in vitro, and results(More)
Immunological mechanisms and therapy approaches in psychotic syndromes were recently supported by the discovery of autoantibody-associated limbic and non-limbic encephalitis. However, how clinical diagnostic procedures in psychiatry should be adapted to these new insights is still unclear. In this study, we analyzed the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and(More)
Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) are rare cerebrovascular pathologies. Here, we report the extremely rare coincidental presentation of both entities and discuss the likely relationship in aetiology and their optimal management. A female patient presented with headache and progressive neurological deficits.(More)
OBJECTIVES Fingolimod is a well-established, highly effective immunomodulatory treatment for patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). However, little is known about disease course after its discontinuation. METHODS This is a case series on four patients with RRMS who had a severe reactivation after fingolimod discontinuation. RESULTS(More)
INTRODUCTION Limbic encephalitis (LE) associated with voltage-gated potassium channel-complex antibodies (VGKC-LE) is frequently non-paraneoplastic and associated with marked improvement following corticosteroid therapy. Mesial temporal lobe abnormalities are present in around 80 % of patients. If associated or preceded by faciobrachial dystonic seizures,(More)
The heterogeneous group of hereditary spastic paraparesis (HSP) is characterized by spastic paraparesis and was classified clinically into pure (pHSP) and complicated (cHSP) subtypes. Whereas cHSP is often associated with cognitive impairment, little is known about the cognitive performance in pHSP. Using a case-control study design, a cohort of 20 pHSP and(More)