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The coupled motion of a closed non-circular grain boundary (GB) in a bicrystal, with both isotropic and anisotropic GB energies, is studied using the level set method. The kinetic relations, obtained within the framework of linear irreversible thermodynamics, govern the overall dynamics including normal motion (migration) of the GB, viscous sliding along(More)
Grain rotation and grain boundary (GB) sliding are two important mechanisms for grain coarsening and plastic deformation in nanocrystalline materials. They are in general coupled with GB migration and the resulting dynamics, driven by capillary and external stress, is significantly affected by the presence of junctions. Our aim is to develop and apply a(More)
Boundaries and junctions (both internal and external) can contribute significantly to the plastic deformation of metallic solids, especially when the average size of the grains (phases) is less than hundred nanometres or when the size of the solid itself is of the order of microns. The overall permanent deformation of the solid is a result of a coupling(More)
In this paper we have further elaborated MPLS multicasting under the specific graph (graceful) labeling with the use of specific multicast tree topology called caterpillar which is next higher topological structure other than the path; that is a central concept in the IP unicast routing. The use of caterpillar as the multicast tree has been analyzed and(More)
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