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Lipid spin labels have been used to study lipid-protein interactions in bovine and frog rod outer segment disc membranes, in (Na+, K+)-ATPase membranes from shark rectal gland, and in yeast cytochrome oxidase-dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine complexes. These systems all display a two component ESR spectrum from 14-doxyl lipid spin-labels. One component(More)
We showed that the rupture produced by the great Peru earthquake (moment magnitude 8.4) on 23 June 2001 propagated for approximately 70 kilometers before encountering a 6000-square-kilometer area of fault that acted as a barrier. The rupture continued around this barrier, which remained unbroken for approximately 30 seconds and then began to break when the(More)
NMR methods have been adopted to observe directly the characteristics of substrate binding to the galactose-H+ symport protein GalP, in its native environment, the inner membranes of Escherichia coli. Sedimented inner-membrane vesicles containing the GalP protein, overexpressed to levels above 50% of total protein, were analyzed by 13C magic-angle spinning(More)
The binding of tetraphenylphosphonium (TPP+) to EmrE, a membrane-bound, 110 residue Escherichia coli multidrug transport protein, has been observed by 31P cross-polarisation-magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (CP-MAS NMR). EmrE has been reconstituted into dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine bilayers. CP-MAS could selectively(More)
In order to study consequences of protonation of the N-terminus upon the interaction of the bee venom melittin with phospholipid bilayers, analogues of melittin, some of which were specifically deuterated at either Ala-12 or 15, were synthesized. These peptides were incorporated into bilayers of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine at either low pH(More)
Photo-isomerization of the 11-cis retinal chromophore activates the mammalian light-receptor rhodopsin, a representative member of a major superfamily of transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor proteins (GPCRs) responsible for many cell signal communication pathways. Although low-resolution (5 A) electron microscopy studies confirm a seven transmembrane(More)
Bacteriophage M13 major coat protein has been incorporated at different lipid/protein ratios in lipid bilayers consisting of various ratios of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) to dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG). Spin-label ESR experiments were performed with phospholipids labeled at the C-14 position of the sn-2 chain. For M13 coat protein(More)
X-ray diffraction studies have been performed, as a function of water content, on dipalmitoyl phosphatidylglycerol bilayers, both in the charged state at pH 8.0 and in the protonated state at pH 1.5, using buffers of 1.5 M salt concentration. Measurements were made at 20 degrees C, and the high-angle reflections indicated that the bilayers were in the(More)
The effect of time and spatial averaging on (15)N chemical shift/(1)H-(15)N dipolar correlation spectra, i.e., PISEMA spectra, of alpha-helical membrane peptides and proteins is investigated. Three types of motion are considered: (a) Librational motion of the peptide planes in the alpha-helix; (b) rotation of the helix about its long axis; and (c) wobble of(More)