A. B. Demirci

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Foodborne pathogens in cell suspensions or attached to surfaces can be reduced by electrolyzed oxidizing (EO) water; however, the use of EO water against pathogens associated with poultry has not been explored. In this study, acidic EO water [EO-A; pH 2.6, chlorine (CL) 20 to 50 ppm, and oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) of 1,150 mV], basic EO water(More)
Pullulan is a linear glucosic polysaccharide produced by the polymorphic fungus Aureobasidium pullulans, which has long been applied for various applications from food additives to environmental remediation agents. This review article presents an overview of pullulan’s chemistry, biosynthesis, applications, state-of-the-art advances in the enhancement of(More)
Plastic composite supports containing 50% agricultural products (oat hulls, soybean hulls, yeast extract, soybean flour, dried bovine erythrocytes, bovine albumin, and/or mineral salts) and 50% (wt/wt) polypropylene were produced by high-temperature twin-screw extrusion. The research employed two half sets of a five-factorial fractional design (2(5 - 1)) to(More)
The application of Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) spectroscopy and Fourier transform Raman (FT-Raman) spectroscopy for process and quality control of fermentative production of ethanol was investigated. FT-MIR and FT-Raman spectroscopy along with multivariate techniques were used to determine simultaneously glucose, ethanol, and optical cell(More)
Carob has been widely grown in the Mediterranean region for a long time. It has been regarded as only a forest tree and has been neglected for other economical benefits. However, in recent years, this fruit has gained attention for several applications. As petroleum has become depleted, renewable energy production has started to gain attention all over the(More)
The water-distilled essential oils from aerial parts of two Hypericum species (Hypericaceae) have been analyzed by GC/MS. The main components of the essential oils of Hypericum scabrum L. were α-pinene -11. 2%; spathulenol - 7.2%; p-cymene - 6.1%; acetophenone - 4.8%; carvacrol - 4.7%. The essential oil of Hypericum perforatum L. contains as the main(More)
During commercial processing, eggs are washed in an alkaline detergent and then rinsed with chlorine to reduce dirt, debris, and microorganism levels. The alkaline and acidic fractions of electrolyzed oxidizing (EO) water have the ability to fit into the 2-step commercial egg washing process easily if proven to be effective. Therefore, the efficacy of EO(More)
Investigations on the leachate bioavailability, leaching rate, and lactic acid accumulation properties of plastic composite supports (PCS) were essential for large-scale or long-term lactic acid fermentation. Leachates from PCS and polypropylene discs (controls) were analyzed by the micro-Kjeldahl method; by absorbances at 260, 275, and 280 nm; and by(More)
Chemical mutagenesis with ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) was used to develop strains ofLactobacillus delbrueckii (ATCC 9649) that tolerated increased lactic acid concentrations while continuously producing the acid. Three mutants (DP2, DP3 and DP4) were compared with wild-typeL. delbrueckii by standing fermentations with different glucose concentrations. All(More)
This study investigated the efficacy of pulsed UV-light for continuous-flow milk treatment for the inactivation of Staphylococcus aureus, a pathogenic microorganism frequently associated with milk safety concerns. Pulsed UV light is an emerging technology, which can be used for the inactivation of this pathogen in milk in a relatively short time. Pulsed UV(More)