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Isocyanates are increasingly being used for manufacturing polyurethane foam, elastomers, adhesives, paints, coatings, insecticides, and many other products. At present, they are regarded as one of the main causes of occupational asthma. The large number of workers who are exposed to these chemicals have a concentration-dependent risk of developing chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Allergy to latex-containing articles is becoming more and more important because it can result in unexpected life-threatening anaphylactic reactions in sensitized individuals. METHODS A protein of 58 kd with an isoelectric point of 8.45 was purified from raw latex and from latex gloves and identified as the major allergen, completely blocking(More)
Asbestos, proven to be carcinogenic in humans and animals, is reported to have no genotoxic effect. Asbestos workers have an increased risk of lung cancer, mesothelioma, and other tumours. Earlier findings showed that crocidolite can induce DNA strand breaks in cultured rat embryo cells as assessed by nick translation. We investigated DNA double-strand(More)
We examined 70 patients reporting hypersensitivity reactions caused by latex articles. All patients suffered from urticaria, 36 from rhinitis, 31 from conjunctivitis, 22 from dyspnea, and 17 from systemic reactions, and four patients developed severe systemic complications during surgery. By means of inhalative challenge tests with powdered latex gloves, it(More)
BACKGROUND Sensitization to various flours and flour additives in the baking industry has been known for some time. However, most studies refer to allergens in their native state. OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to find out how high temperatures during the baking process influence enzymatic and allergenic activities of the common flour additive(More)
Hemoglobins of the Diptera (insect) family Chironomidae have been identified as causative allergens in asthmatic patients. In this study, 229 Japanese, 17 Taiwanese, and 92 Swedish sera from atopic patients were tested for antibodies against Chi t I, the hemoglobin from the European midge species Chironomus thummi, and against crude extracts from the(More)
A workplace-related inhalative exposure test in a challenge chamber was performed on an industrial worker in a methylenediphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) atmosphere from 5 to 20 ppb and the isolated white blood cell DNA was analysed by electrophoresis, anion-exchange chromatography and melting behaviour. The results of electrophoresis indicate that inhaled MDI(More)
Specific IgG antibodies against antigens of a contaminated air conditioner were estimated in serum of 134 workers of a printing company. Altogether 64% of the workers investigated revealed significantly elevated levels (> 3 U/ml) of IgG antibodies specific to these antigens as compared to a nonexposed control group. The occurrence of IgG antibodies for(More)
BACKGROUND To diagnose baker's asthma, occupational sensitization to wheat flour should be distinguished clearly from influences of cosensitization such as it may exist in pollinosis patients. To define the route of sensitization, the cross-reactivity between wheat flour and grass pollen allergens was investigated. METHODS Two groups of atopic individuals(More)
Two nurses had to stop practicing because of severe work-related allergic respiratory or systemic symptoms. Both developed similar symptoms within a short time when they attended hospitals as outpatients or visitors or consulted a doctor or dentist, even when they had no direct contact with latex articles. The airborne latex allergen concentration in one(More)