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Isocyanates are increasingly being used for manufacturing polyurethane foam, elastomers, adhesives, paints, coatings, insecticides, and many other products. At present, they are regarded as one of the main causes of occupational asthma. The large number of workers who are exposed to these chemicals have a concentration-dependent risk of developing chronic(More)
We examined 70 patients reporting hypersensitivity reactions caused by latex articles. All patients suffered from urticaria, 36 from rhinitis, 31 from conjunctivitis, 22 from dyspnea, and 17 from systemic reactions, and four patients developed severe systemic complications during surgery. By means of inhalative challenge tests with powdered latex gloves, it(More)
Toluene diisocyanate (TDI), used especially for the production of polyurethanes, is known to induce chromosome aberrations, base-pair substitution, and frameshift mutation after metabolic activation. Following treatment of human blood by TDI, the isolated DNA was analyzed by anion-exchange chromatography (FPLC) before and after denaturation. In addition,(More)
BACKGROUND Allergy to latex-containing articles is becoming more and more important because it can result in unexpected life-threatening anaphylactic reactions in sensitized individuals. METHODS A protein of 58 kd with an isoelectric point of 8.45 was purified from raw latex and from latex gloves and identified as the major allergen, completely blocking(More)
Two nurses had to stop practicing because of severe work-related allergic respiratory or systemic symptoms. Both developed similar symptoms within a short time when they attended hospitals as outpatients or visitors or consulted a doctor or dentist, even when they had no direct contact with latex articles. The airborne latex allergen concentration in one(More)
Asbestos, proven to be carcinogenic in humans and animals, is reported to have no genotoxic effect. Asbestos workers have an increased risk of lung cancer, mesothelioma, and other tumours. Earlier findings showed that crocidolite can induce DNA strand breaks in cultured rat embryo cells as assessed by nick translation. We investigated DNA double-strand(More)
Fourteen bakers suffering from workplace-related respiratory symptoms and sensitized to soybean were studied. Twelve of them were also allergic to wheat flour, 10 to rye flour, and five to alpha-amylase of Aspergillus oryzae (Asp o 2). IgE estimation by RAST strongly indicated that the trypsin inhibitor and lipoxidase are major allergens of soybean. Various(More)
Bronchopulmonary damage caused by heavy exposure to ammonia may result in chronic obstructive bronchitis, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, in rare cases also in a combined ventilation pattern. Exposure to ammonia for several years, as it occurs in swine confinements in pig-fattening farms is associated with a shift-related decrease of FEV1, FEF25-75 and PEF.(More)
Sera of 87 industrial workers with a history of occupational exposition to various diisocyanates, toluene diisocyanate, hexamethylene diisocyanate and methylene-diphenyl diisocyanate were analyzed for antibodies to isocyanate-conjugated human serum albumin and for anti-dsDNA autoantibodies. Ten workers (approx. 11%) were shown to have elevated anti-dsDNA(More)
A workplace-related inhalative exposure test in a challenge chamber was performed on an industrial worker in a methylenediphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) atmosphere from 5 to 20 ppb and the isolated white blood cell DNA was analysed by electrophoresis, anion-exchange chromatography and melting behaviour. The results of electrophoresis indicate that inhaled MDI(More)