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PURPOSE The histological diagnosis of human gliomas is of great importance for estimating patient prognosis and guiding therapy but suffers from being subjective and, therefore, variable. We hypothesized that molecular genetic analysis could provide a more objective means to classify tumors and, thus, reduce diagnostic variability. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We(More)
Calcineurin is a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase that is abundantly expressed in several specific areas of the brain, which are exceptionally vulnerable to stroke, epilepsy, and neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we assessed the effects of high level activity of calcineurin on neuronal cells. Virus-mediated high level constitutive(More)
We previously reported that schwannoma-derived growth factor (SDGF), a member of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF) family, participates in autocrine pathways and promotes rat glioma cell growth. To investigate the potential role of similar molecules in human gliomas, we examined 7 human glioma cell lines and 11 glioblastoma specimens for(More)
Thirty-five patients with the Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS) treated over the years 1964-1987 at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, were reviewed. Thirty-three patients (94%) had hydrocephalus at the time of diagnosis. The primary association of aqueduct stenosis was excluded by radiological investigation and clinical course in all patients. Associated(More)
Proliferative potentials of meningiomas from 127 patients were examined immunohistochemically using the anti-Ki-67 monoclonal antibody, MIB-1, on paraffin sections, and the correlation among MIB-1 staining index (SI), histopathological finding, and clinial course of the disease was analyzed retrospectively. The mean MIB-1 SI of 50 male patients with(More)
Blood coagulation factor VII (fVII) is physiologically synthesized in the liver and released into the blood. Binding of fVII to tissue factor (TF) at sites of vascular injury triggers coagulation and hemostasis. TF/fVIIa complex formation on the surface of cancer cells plays important roles in cancer biology. Although fVII is synthesized by hepatocellular(More)
Brain atrophy with mental and neurologic deterioration developing a few months after radiation therapy in patients without residual or recurrent brain tumors has been recognized. Two illustrative case reports of this pathologic entity are presented. Six autopsy cases with this entity including the two cases were reviewed neurologically, radiographically,(More)
Ubiquitin, an essential protein in nonlysosomal proteolytic system, is expressed after metabolic stress to the cell. The authors investigated stress response of ubiquitin in the hippocampus of the Mongolian gerbil after forebrain ischemia. The level of hippocampal ubiquitin was compared with that under ischemic tolerance induced by ischemic preconditioning.(More)
Delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region after transient forebrain ischemia may share its underlying mechanism with neurodegeneration and other modes of neuronal death. The precise mechanism, however, remains unknown. In the postischemic hippocampus, conjugated ubiquitin accumulates and free ubiquitin is depleted, suggesting impaired proteasome(More)
To prevent neoplasia, cells of multicellular organisms activate cellular disposal programs such as apoptosis in response to deregulated oncogene expression, making the suppression of such programs an essential step for potentially neoplastic cells to become established as clinically relevant tumors. Since the mutation of ras proto-oncogenes, the most(More)