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Membrane segment 5 (M5) is thought to play a direct role in cation transport by the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase and the Na+, K+-ATPase of animal cells. In this study, we have examined M5 of the yeast plasma membrane H+-ATPase by alanine-scanning mutagenesis. Mutant enzymes were expressed behind an inducible heat-shock promoter in yeast secretory(More)
There is strong evidence that Asp-378 of the yeast PMA1 ATPase plays an essential role in ATP hydrolysis by forming a covalent beta-aspartyl phosphate reaction intermediate. In this study, Asp-378 was replaced by Asn, Ser, and Glu, and the mutant ATPases were expressed in a temperature-sensitive secretion-deficient strain (sec6-4) that allowed their(More)
Membrane segment 4 of P-type cation pumps has been suggested to play a critical role in the coupling of ATP hydrolysis to ion translocation. In this study, structure-function relationships in M4 of the yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) plasma membrane H+-ATPase have been explored by alanine-scanning mutagenesis. Mutant enzymes were expressed behind an(More)
One of the most abundant proteins in the yeast plasma membrane is the P-type H(+)-ATPase that pumps protons out of the cell, supplying the driving force for a wide array of H(+)-dependent cotransporters. The ATPase is a 100 kDa polypeptide, anchored in the lipid bilayer by 10 transmembrane alpha-helices. It is structurally and functionally related to the(More)
In the P(2)-type ATPases, there is growing evidence that four alpha-helical stalk segments connect the cytoplasmic part of the molecule, responsible for ATP binding and hydrolysis, to the membrane-embedded part that mediates cation transport. The present study has focused on stalk segment 4, which displays a significant degree of sequence conservation among(More)
The yeast plasma-membrane H(+)-ATPase is a member of the P-family of cation transporters, which share a characteristic membrane topology together with consensus sequences for ATP binding and formation of a beta-aspartyl phosphate reaction intermediate. Although direct knowledge of ATPase structure has been difficult to obtain, several indirect approaches(More)
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