A. A. Varshavskii

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The food spectrum of mole rats is broad and includes several dozen of widespread plant species (predominantly herbs) [3–6]. Most part of the year, mole rats feed on mostly underground storing organs of plants (rhizomes, tubers, and bulbs) with low protein content and different content of dietary fiber. In spring and first half of summer, the proportion of(More)
The effect of feed composition on nitrogen-fixing activity of the symbionts living in the digestive tract of sibling vole Microtus rossiaemeridionalis was experimentally studied. In the control, the rodents were allowed to select any of three feeds: protein-rich, protein-free with low cellulose content, and protein-free with high cellulose content. The(More)
For the period from 2001 to 2011 zoological and epizootological studies in more than 100 points of Northwestern Caucasus including territories of Krasnodar Region and Republic of Adygea were carried out. 8723 specimens of small mammals represented by 20 rodent species and 7 insectivorous species were captured and examined. Organs and blood from 5057(More)
Karyotypes of two species of genus Tachyoryctes from four localities in the Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia, were analyzed. T. splendens has 2n = 48, NFa = 65-86. Variations of the autosome arm number are determined by different numbers of autosomes with additional heterochromatin arms (7-17). Karyological analysis indicated that the cytogenetic(More)
Three karyotypically differentiated species of harsh-furred mice, Lophuromys melanonyx (2n = 60, NFa = 90; 24m,sm + 8st + 26a + Xm + Ya), Lophuromys sp. A (2n = 54, NFa = 60; 8m,sm + 44a + Xa + Ya), and Lophuromys sp. B (2n = 68, NFa = 78; 8m,sm + 4st + 54a + Xst + Ya), were found at the Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia. Comparative analysis of(More)
Allozyme variability was examined in populations of three endemic species of the species complex Lophuromys flavopunctatussensu lato: L. chrysopus, L. brevicaudus, and L. melanonyx. These species replace each other in adjacent altitudinal belts of the Bale Massif in Ethiopia. A deficit of heterozygotes at several loci was found in most samples of all(More)
Karyological analysis of spiny rats of the genus Proechimys revealed four chromosome forms: 2n = 30; 2n = 29; 2n = 28; 2n = 24. 30-chromosome spiny rats are characterized by unique karyotype constitution. 27-chromosome spiny rats from the territory near Iquitos differ from the same of Pucalpa (Ucayali Department) by Y-chromosome structure and banding of(More)
Allozyme variability was examined in populations of three endemic species of the species complex Lophuromys flavopunctatus sensu lato: L. chrysopus, L. brevicaudus, and L. melanonyx. These species substitute each other in adjacent latitudinal belts of the Bale Massif in Ethiopia. A deficit of heterozygotes at several loci was found in most samples of all(More)
The weight parameters that characterize the size and the degree of fullness of fermentation chambers (forestomach and cecum), namely, the weight of the walls and the content of these organs, and the concentration and size distribution of fibers in the chyme have been investigated in five muroid rodent species (Arvicola terrestris, Microtus oeconomus,(More)
The distribution of fibers of different sizes in the gastrointestinal tract in two species of pikas—Pallas’ pika Ochotona pallasi and daurian pika O. dauurica—was studied. It was established that fibers of small-sized fractions dominated in all organs of the digestive tract of both pika species, the proportion of which in the stomach proved to be even(More)