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The gene for extracellular guanyl-specific ribonuclease of Bacillus thuringiensis var. subtoxicus (RNase Bth), a close homologue of the B. intermedius RNase (binase), was completely sequenced. Analysis of nucleotide sequences in the regions adjoining RNase genes revealed an identical organization of the chromosomal loci of RNase Bth and binase. Growth(More)
Biosynthesis of extracellular alkaline guanyl-specific RNase by Bacillus circulans (RNase Bci) was studied. Synthesis of the enzyme by the culture started in the late exponential phase and was inhibited by inorganic phosphate and glucose, in contrast to the biosynthesis of its structural and functional homologue, RNase Ba (barnase) of B. amyloliquefaciens.(More)
The characteristics of the developed conductometric biosensors for urea and glucose determination are described. Conductometric transducers based on thin-film interdigitated metal (Au, Cr, Cu, Ni) electrodes were studied, and enzymes urease and glucose oxidase were used for the selective membranes formation on the chips having gold electrodes. The influence(More)
A cell biosensor specific for formaldehyde was developed using double-mutant cells of the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha A3-11. The activities of some of the enzymes in the metabolic pathway of the wild-strain cells were deliberately suppressed by introducing respective genetic blocks to optimize the selectivity and acidification rate. Mutant(More)
A glucose-sensitive field effect transistor was fabricated by immobilizing glucose oxidase on the gate of a pH-sensitive field effect transistor. Calibration curves of the biosensor were measured in phosphate and TRIS buffers in the presence of potassium ferricyanide. The use of the latter as an oxidizing substrate in the biocatalytic oxidation of glucose(More)
Nearly all resonances were assigned in the two-dimensional 1H NMR spectra of binase, guanylospecific ribonuclease from Bacillus intermedius containing 109 amino acid residues. The exchange rates of amide protons with the solvent deuterium were measured in 2H2O at pH 6.7 and 30 degrees C. Coupling constants 3J of H-NC alpha-H, NOE contacts, solvent exchange(More)