A A Manian

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Phenothiazine drugs, which are widely used for their antipsychotic, antianxiety, and antiemetic effects, have been found to have protozoacidal effects on the human pathogen Leishmania donovani. These compounds are lethal to both the extracellular stage of the organism, which is inoculated into humans by the sand fly, and the intracellular stage, which is(More)
Studies investigating a possible relationship between the plasma concentration of tricyclic antidepressants and clinical response have measured only the tertiary and secondary amine forms of these drugs. The present study shows that the hydroxy metabolites of tricyclic antidepressants might also be active. Hydroxylated imipramine, desipramine,(More)
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-seeded polyethylene-oxide-terephthalate/polybutylene-terephthalate (PEOT/PBT) scaffold for cartilage tissue repair in an osteochondral defect using a rabbit model. Material characterisation using scanning electron microscopy indicated that the scaffold had a(More)
1. Chlorpromazine (CPZ) is a unique molecule which has many potential sites of action, as well as a propensity to be transformed into a host of metabolites possessing varying degrees of pharmacological and/or toxic reactions. This investigation examined the rank order of potency of CPZ and eight metabolic derivatives with respect to displacement of(More)
Two chlorpromazine analogs, 7,8-diOH- and 7,8-dioxo-didesmethyl-chlorpromazine were compared to chlorpromazine (CPZ) with regard to inhibition of three parameters of enzyme activity in rat striatum: 1) dopamine + GTP-sensitive adenylate cyclase in homogenates; 2) dopamine, GTP, calmodulin and Ca++-sensitive adenylate cyclase in washed particulate fractions;(More)
A variety of analogues of the serotonin neurotoxin, 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine were administered to rats by injection into the lateral ventricle of the brain. Each compound evoked a unique pattern of behavioral effects. Only 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine lowered brain 5HT levels, while both 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine and its benzo[b]thiophene analogue caused a(More)
An exploratory study consisting of physiochemical and animal experiments was undertaken with the objective of developing one or more metal-L-DOPA chelate systems for an improved transport of L-DOPA into the brain. This approach is based on a theoretical speculation that the pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylation of L-DOPA in the precerebral areas might be(More)