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Sulfated and unsulfated neurosteroids such as pregnenolone sulfate, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), pregnanolone, and allopregnanolone, modulate ionotropic amino acid neurotransmitter receptors, and may function as endogenous neuromodulators. The gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor exhibits both negative and positive modulation by(More)
Steroid sulfation occurs in nervous tissue and endogenous sulfated steroids can act as positive or negative modulators of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor function. In the current study, structure-activity relationships for sulfated steroids were examined in voltage-clamped chick spinal cord and rat hippocampal neurons in culture and in Xenopus laevis(More)
Pregnenolone sulfate (PS) is an abundant neurosteroid that can potentiate or inhibit ligand gated ion channel activity and thereby alter neuronal excitability. Whereas PS is known to inhibit kainate and AMPA responses while potentiating NMDA responses, the dependence of modulation on receptor subunit composition remains to be determined. Toward this end,(More)
The role of the C-terminal domain of the hPCN1/Kv1.5 delayed rectifier K+ channel was investigated in transfected stable cell lines employing antipeptide and anti-epitope antibodies against hPCN1-cp, an epitope-fusion gene carrying additional sequences encoding a 32 amino acid C-terminal extension. Both wild-type and chimeric genes showed high levels of K+(More)
The effect of clofilium on potassium conductance was studied in excised membrane patches from Chinese hamster ovary cells stably transfected with the Kv1.5/hPCN1 delayed rectifier K+ channel gene. Bath application of clofilium resulted in current inhibition, displaying concentration-dependent acceleration of the apparent channel inactivation in both(More)
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