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Sulfated and unsulfated neurosteroids such as pregnenolone sulfate, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), pregnanolone, and allopregnanolone, modulate ionotropic amino acid neurotransmitter receptors, and may function as endogenous neuromodulators. The gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor exhibits both negative and positive modulation by(More)
The extent to which retinal signals are modulated at central sites is unknown. We sought to determine the effects of serotonin, a neurotransmitter present in the retinorecipient layers of the frog tectum, on retinotectal transmission. Acute electrical stimulation delivered to the retinorecipient layer of optic tectum brain slices was used to model the(More)
Intracellular Ca2+ (Ca(i)) signaling following the binding of surface receptors activates a Ca2+ permeable plasma membrane conductance which has been shown to be associated with store depletion in a number of cell types. We examined the activation of this conductance in human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDMs) using whole-cell voltage-clamp techniques(More)
Steroid sulfation occurs in nervous tissue and endogenous sulfated steroids can act as positive or negative modulators of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor function. In the current study, structure-activity relationships for sulfated steroids were examined in voltage-clamped chick spinal cord and rat hippocampal neurons in culture and in Xenopus laevis(More)
The effect of clofilium on potassium conductance was studied in excised membrane patches from Chinese hamster ovary cells stably transfected with the Kv1.5/hPCN1 delayed rectifier K+ channel gene. Bath application of clofilium resulted in current inhibition, displaying concentration-dependent acceleration of the apparent channel inactivation in both(More)
Pregnenolone sulfate (PS) is an abundant neurosteroid that can potentiate or inhibit ligand gated ion channel activity and thereby alter neuronal excitability. Whereas PS is known to inhibit kainate and AMPA responses while potentiating NMDA responses, the dependence of modulation on receptor subunit composition remains to be determined. Toward this end,(More)
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