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The heterogeneity of as-synthesized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) precludes their widespread application in electronics, optics and sensing. We report on the sorting of carbon nanotubes by diameter, bandgap and electronic type using structure-discriminating surfactants to engineer subtle differences in their buoyant densities. Using the scalable(More)
A flow-limited physiologic pharmacokinetic model using volume terms, flow rates, distribution ratios, metabolic rate constants, and clearance terms restricted to physiologic or measured values was used to simulate the disposition of cisplatin in children and adolescents. Physiologic model simulations of parent cisplatin and total platinum serum(More)
Excitement surrounding the attractive physical and chemical characteristics of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) has been tempered by concerns regarding their potential health risks. Here we consider the lung toxicity of nanoscale dispersed SWCNTs (mean diameter approximately 1 nm). Because dispersion of the SWCNTs increases their aspect ratio(More)
Thin film transistors (TFTs) are now poised to revolutionize the display, sensor, and flexible electronics markets. However, there is a limited choice of channel materials compatible with low-temperature processing. This has inhibited the fabrication of high electrical performance TFTs. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have very high mobilities and can(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are promising materials for transparent conduction as a result of their exceptional electrical, optical, mechanical, and chemical properties. However, since current synthetic methods yield polydisperse mixtures of SWNTs, the performance of SWNT transparent conductive films has previously been hindered by semiconducting(More)
Printing electronic components on plastic foils with functional liquid inks is an attractive approach for achieving flexible and low-cost circuitry for applications such as bendable displays and large-area sensors. The challenges for printed electronics, however, include characteristically slow switching frequencies and associated high supply voltages,(More)
Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) can adopt four distinct permutations arising from the electronic type (metallic or semiconducting) of their inner and outer walls. This polydispersity limits the utility of DWNTs in applications such as thin film electronics. We demonstrate that density gradient ultracentrifugation can be employed to address this(More)
We observe localization of excitons in semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes at room temperature using high-resolution near-field photoluminescence (PL) microscopy. Localization is the result of spatially confined exciton energy minima with depths of more than 15 meV connected to lateral energy gradients exceeding 2 meV/nm as evidenced by(More)
The work function of palladium is known to be sensitive to hydrogen by the formation of a surface dipole layer or Pd hydride. One approach to detect such a change in the work function can be based on the formation of a Schottky barrier between the palladium metal and a semiconductor. Here, we study the hydrogen sensitivity of Schottky barrier field-effect(More)
The disposition of cisplatin was evaluated in 28 children and adolescents with cancer, as part of a phase II clinical trial. Patients received either 30 mg/m2 (11) or 90 mg/m2 (17) of cisplatin as a 6-h IV infusion. Serum samples and divided urine collections were obtained over 48 h following completion of the cisplatin infusion, and were assayed in(More)