Learn More
A flow-limited physiologic pharmacokinetic model using volume terms, flow rates, distribution ratios, metabolic rate constants, and clearance terms restricted to physiologic or measured values was used to simulate the disposition of cisplatin in children and adolescents. Physiologic model simulations of parent cisplatin and total platinum serum(More)
The heterogeneity of as-synthesized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) precludes their widespread application in electronics, optics and sensing. We report on the sorting of carbon nanotubes by diameter, bandgap and electronic type using structure-discriminating surfactants to engineer subtle differences in their buoyant densities. Using the scalable(More)
Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) can adopt four distinct permutations arising from the electronic type (metallic or semiconducting) of their inner and outer walls. This polydispersity limits the utility of DWNTs in applications such as thin film electronics. We demonstrate that density gradient ultracentrifugation can be employed to address this(More)
The disposition of cisplatin was evaluated in 28 children and adolescents with cancer, as part of a phase II clinical trial. Patients received either 30 mg/m2 (11) or 90 mg/m2 (17) of cisplatin as a 6-h IV infusion. Serum samples and divided urine collections were obtained over 48 h following completion of the cisplatin infusion, and were assayed in(More)
Excitement surrounding the attractive physical and chemical characteristics of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) has been tempered by concerns regarding their potential health risks. Here we consider the lung toxicity of nanoscale dispersed SWCNTs (mean diameter approximately 1 nm). Because dispersion of the SWCNTs increases their aspect ratio(More)
Ifosfamide/mesna was given to 97 patients who had malignant solid tumors diagnosed before they were 21 years of age. Patients received 1.6 g/m2 ifosfamide dailyx5, given i.v. over 15 min, followed by 400 mg/m2 i.v. mesna at 15 min and 4 and 6 h after ifosfamide. Responses were noted in patients with osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma and other(More)
Thin film transistors (TFTs) are now poised to revolutionize the display, sensor, and flexible electronics markets. However, there is a limited choice of channel materials compatible with low-temperature processing. This has inhibited the fabrication of high electrical performance TFTs. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have very high mobilities and can(More)
The production of large quantities of highly pure semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) using density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGU) [ 1 ] has led to high performance thin fi lm transistors (TFTs), [ 2–4 ] high frequency transistors with operating speeds of 80 GHz, [ 5 ] light emitting diodes, [ 6 ] and printed logic circuitry. [ 7 ] .(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are promising materials for transparent conduction as a result of their exceptional electrical, optical, mechanical, and chemical properties. However, since current synthetic methods yield polydisperse mixtures of SWNTs, the performance of SWNT transparent conductive films has previously been hindered by semiconducting(More)
Graphene flakes with controlled thicknesses are isolated in solution using density gradient ultracentrifugation. These stable graphene dispersions are produced using the bile salt sodium cholate, which promotes graphite exfoliation and results in graphene-surfactant complexes having buoyant densities that vary with graphene thickness. The sorted graphene(More)