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Three newborn calves were affected by caudal spinal dysgenesis or agenesis (coccygeal vertebra) and persistent cloaca. The cloacas were lined by a mixture of transitional and colonic epithelium. The vertebral column of one calf was internalized into the cloaca. The association of persistent cloaca and caudal spinal anomalies is thought to be related to cell(More)
We report a case of autoimmune pancreatitis in a 31-year-old man with signs and symptoms of biliary tract obstruction. Evaluation with sonography, computed tomography, and ultimately endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, demonstrated a 5 by 2 cm hypoechoic, hypodense mass near the head of the pancreas that extended into the porta hepatis. Common(More)
A spectrum of related malacic disorders called Simmental multifocal symmetrical encephalopathy have been reported in Simmental and Simmental crossbred cattle in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. 3 The cause of this condition is unknown. We describe multifocal polioencephalomyeloma-lacia in Simmental calves reared in Oregon, USA, with mor-phologic lesions(More)
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