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The unc-129 gene, like the unc-6 netrin gene, is required to guide pioneer motoraxons along the dorsoventral axis of Caenorhabditis elegans. unc-129 encodes a member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of secreted signaling molecules and is expressed in dorsal, but not ventral, rows of body wall muscles. Ectopic expression of(More)
Secreted proteins required for cellular movements along the circumference of the body wall in Caenorhabditis elegans include UNC-6/netrin and the novel TGF-beta UNC-129. Expression of these proteins is graded along the dorsoventral (D/V) axis, providing polarity information to guide migrations. Here we show that the graded expression of UNC-129 in dorsal(More)
The UNC-5 guidance receptor, in response to the UNC-6/netrin path cue, orients growing axons in a dorsal direction along the epidermis of Caenorhabditis elegans. When ectopically expressed in the touch neurons, which normally extend ventrally or longitudinally, UNC-5 is able to reorient their axons toward the dorsal side in an UNC-6-dependent manner. This(More)
This paper presents technical details, hardware and software of a complete imaging system which uses a fast CCD sensor and a 41 Msample/s A/D converter to acquire full-frame 12 bit/pixel digitized images with a time resolution of 1.25 ms/image. This apparatus permits to resolve intracellular Ca2+ gradients in individual cells as well as the spatio-temporal(More)
We used a high-performance fluorescence imaging system to visualize rapid changes in intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) evoked by focal applications of extracellular ATP to the hair bundle of outer hair cells (OHCs): the sensory-motor receptors of the cochlea. Simultaneous recordings of the whole-cell current and Calcium Green-1(More)
Neuritogenesis is a critical early step in the development and maturation of neurons and neuronal circuits. While extracellular directional cues are known to specify the site and orientation of nascent neurite formation in vivo, little is known about the genetic pathways that block inappropriate neurite emergence in order to maintain proper neuronal(More)
Peptide:N-glycanases (PNGases) are cytoplasmic de-N-glycosylation enzymes that have been shown in cultured cells to facilitate the degradation of misfolded glycoproteins during endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation and in the processing of major histocompatibility complex class I antigens for proper cell-surface presentation. The gene encoding PNGase(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of misfolded (glyco)proteins ensures that only functional, correctly folded proteins exit from the ER and that misfolded ones are degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. During the degradation of misfolded glycoproteins, some of them are subjected to deglycosylation by the cytoplasmic(More)
First measurements of the Collins and Sivers asymmetries of charged hadrons produced in deep-inelastic scattering of muons on a transversely polarized 6LiD target are presented. The data were taken in 2002 with the COMPASS spectrometer using the muon beam of the CERN SPS at 160 GeV/c. The Collins asymmetry turns out to be compatible with zero, as does the(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a key opportunistic pathogen characterized by its biofilm formation ability and high-level multiple antibiotic resistance. By screening a library of random transposon insertion mutants with an increased biofilm-specifc antibiotic susceptibility, we previously identified 3 genes or operons of P. aeruginosa UCBPP-PA14 (ndvB,(More)