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Glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored folate receptors (FR) have physiologic and pharmacologic relevance in mediating cellular and transcellular folate/antifolate transport. Three FR isoforms with differing relative affinities for folates and expression patterns in normal and malignant cells/tissues are recognized, but the precise mechanism of cellular(More)
We have investigated the expression and functional competence of folate receptor (FR) isoforms on human hematopoietic cells. Using immunofluorescence and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) methodology, we find that a substantial fraction of low-density mononuclear and CD34(+) cells express both the beta and gamma isoforms of FR. The(More)
The influence of extracellular folate concentration on cellular levels of the folate transport protein and its soluble product was studied directly in cultured human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (KB) cells. As determined by radioimmunoassay, levels of the folate transport protein and the soluble folate-binding protein were 58 +/- 17 (mean +/- SD) and 5 +/- 2(More)
Hospital-based records from major cities of India, where roughly a quarter of the population resides, identified the frequency of neural tube defects (NTDs) as ranging from 3.9 to 8.8 per 1000 births, but the incidence in rural areas is unknown. We did a population-based door-to-door survey of mothers living in remote clusters of villages in Balrampur(More)
Neutrophils are often seen first at sites of granulomatous inflammation but their contribution to monocyte recruitment and granuloma formation is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that neutrophils release chemotaxins which attract monocytes. We found that rapid accumulations of fluid and influxes of neutrophils followed by monocytes occurred in bacillus(More)
The characteristics of the uptake by human epidermoid carcinoma (KB) cells of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate at extracellular concentrations in the physiologic range and the possible role of a membrane-associated folate binder in folate uptake by KB cells have been investigated. Uptake of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate was specific, saturable, and time-, temperature-,(More)
The factors that initiate and maintain the abnormal hematopoietic clone in the myelo-dysplastic syndromes (MDS) remain largely unknown. We describe a patient with MDS associated with an abnormal karyotype, 46,XY,t(5;12)(q31;p12). According to the FAB cooperative group classification, the patient was classified as chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Because of(More)
AIMS Folate receptors (FRs) mediate cellular uptake of folates in many cancer cells and in folate deficiency heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein E1 (hnRNP-E1) mediates translational upregulation of FR in cultured cervical cancer cells. hnRNP-E1 can also interfere with human papillomavirus 16 (HPV-16) viral capsid protein synthesis (and thereby HPV(More)